Phase diagrams for three-strategy evolutionary prisoner's dilemma games on regular graphs

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Abstract

Evolutionary prisoner's dilemma games are studied with players located on square lattice and random regular graph defining four neighbors for each one. The players follow one of the three strategies: tit-for-tat, unconditional cooperation, and defection. The simplified payoff matrix is characterized by two parameters: the temptation b to choose defection and the cost c of inspection reducing the income of tit-for-tat. The strategy imitation from one of the neighbors is controlled by pairwise comparison at a fixed level of noise. Using Monte Carlo simulations and the extended versions of pair approximation we have evaluated the b-c phase diagrams indicating a rich plethora of phase transitions between stationary coexistence, absorbing, and oscillatory states, including continuous and discontinuous phase transitions. By reasonable costs the tit-for-tat strategy prevents extinction of cooperators across the whole span of b determining the prisoner's dilemma game, irrespective of the connectivity structure. We also demonstrate that the system can exhibit a repetitive succession of oscillatory and stationary states upon changing a single payoff value, which highlights the remarkable sensitivity of cyclical interactions on the parameters that define the strength of dominance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number056104
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume80
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 12 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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