Pharmacology of a new antidepressant: Benefit of the implication of the melatonergic system

Eberhard Fuchs, Maria Simon, Barthel Schmelting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The limitations of current antidepressant medications merit the exploration of alternative agents with novel antidepressant mechanisms of action. The established clinical finding that desynchronization of internal rhythms plays an important role in the pathophysiology of depressive disorders has stimulated the idea that resetting normal circadian rhythms may have antidepressant potential. Recent experiments using the novel melatonin receptor agonist and serotonin 2 (5-HT2c) receptor antagonist agomelatine (S20098; N[2-(7-methoxy-1-naphthyl)ethyl]-acetamide) revealed a notable chronobiotic activity and clear antidepressant-like effects in a variety of preclinical models. Binding studies performed in vitro proved that agomelatine is a high-affinity agonist at both the melatonin MT1 and MT2 receptor types. In addition, these studies revealed that agomelatine, in contrast to melatonin, blocks 5-HT2c receptors with significant affinity. Antagonism of 5-HT2c receptors is reported for various established antidepressant compounds. The antidepressant properties of agomelatine are thus based on its melatonergic actions and 5-HT2c receptor antagonism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S17-S20
JournalInternational Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume21
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2006

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Keywords

  • 5-HT receptors
  • Animal models
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Depression
  • HPA axis
  • Melatonin receptors
  • Tree shrews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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