Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of moss-aGalactosidase A in patients with Fabry disease

Julia B. Hennermann, Laila Arash-Kaps, György Fekete, Andreas Schaaf, Andreas Busch, Thomas Frischmuth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Moss-aGalactosidase A (moss-aGal) is a moss-derived version of human α-galactosidase developed for enzyme replacement therapy in patients with Fabry disease. It exhibits a homogenous N-glycosylation profile with >90% mannose-terminated glycans. In contrast to mammalian cell produced α-galactosidase, moss-aGal does not rely on mannose-6-phosphate receptor mediated endocytosis but targets the mannose receptor for tissue uptake. We conducted a phase 1 clinical trial with moss-aGal in six patients with confirmed diagnosis of Fabry disease during a 28-day schedule. All patients received a single dose of 0.2 mg/kg moss-aGal by i.v.-infusion. Primary endpoints of the trial were safety and pharmacokinetics; secondary endpoints were pharmacodynamics by analyzing urine and plasma Gb3 and lyso-Gb3 concentrations. In all patients, the administered single dose was well tolerated. No safety issues were observed. Pharmacokinetic data revealed a stable nonlinear profile with a short plasma half-life of moss-aGal of 14 minutes. After one single dose of moss-aGal, urinary Gb3 concentrations decreased up to 23% 7 days and up to 60% 28 days post-dose. Plasma concentrations of lyso-Gb3 decreased by 3.8% and of Gb3 by 11% 28 days post-dose. These data reveal that a single dose of moss-aGal was safe, well tolerated, and led to a prolonged reduction of Gb3 excretion. As previously shown, moss-aGal is taken up via the mannose receptor, which is expressed on macrophages but also on endothelial and kidney cells. Thus, these data indicate that moss-aGal may target kidney cells. After these promising results, phase 2/3 clinical trials are in preparation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-533
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of inherited metabolic disease
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Agalsidase
  • Fabry disease
  • Physcomitrella
  • alpha-galactosidase
  • mannose receptor
  • moss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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