Weakly differentiated rocks such as basaltic trachyandesites occur rather rarely in the Cenozoic České Středohoří Volcanic Complex (Central Europe, Czech Republic). We present mineralogical, petrological and geochemical data for a basaltic trachyandesite sill located at the southern margin of the České Středohoří Volcanic Complex, where several smaller hills form a quasi-continuous belt between villages of Zahořany and Chotiněves. Uniform petrography and chemical composition provide compelling evidence that all individual outcrops belong to a single large sill, probably with the exception of the westernmost occurrence at the Křemín Hill. The sill is almost 5 km long (SW–NE) and likely up to 3 km wide (NW–SE). The elongated shape of the sill and its position suggest that the basaltic trachyandesite magma ascended along the Litoměřice Fault forming the south-eastern edge of the NE–SW trending Ohře (Eger) Rift. The studied rocks are basic and alkali-rich (49.5–50.3 wt. % SiO2, sum K2O + Na2O = 7.8–8.1 wt. %), but their silica contents (volatile-free) approach the boundary of the intermediate domain. This correlates with low concentrations of compatible trace elements such as Cr (15–23 ppm). The limited degree of differentiation is reflected by smooth chondrite-normalized REE patterns (LaN/YbN = 18.2–19.3) with the absence of any significant Eu and/or MREE anomaly. The incompatible trace-element contents (Sr = 920–1080 ppm, Ba = 840–950 ppm, ƩREE = 280–330 ppm) typify weakly differentiated alkaline volcanic rocks within the Ohře Rift. Based on the chemical composition we suggest that these basaltic trachyandesites belong to the České Středohoří Volcanic Complex rather than to MgO-poor foidites of the Central Bohemia Volcanic Field. The intrusive age of the sill has been determined using conventional whole-rock K–Ar method at 29.12 ± 0.63 Ma (1σ). The initial Sr–Nd isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sri = 0.7048, 143Nd/144Ndi = 0.51270), compare well with existing data for the České Středohoří trachybasalts and attest to their common origin. The single large Zahořany–Chotiněves sill partly fills the apparent gap in the differentiation trend between basanites to trachybasalts and trachyandesites to phonolites reported for the alkaline volcanism of the České Středohoří Mts.
- Basaltic trachyandesite
- K–Ar dating
- Sr–Nd isotopes
- Zahořany–Chotiněves sill
- České Středohoří Volcanic Complex
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)