Petrogenetic significance of ocellar camptonite dykes in the Ditrǎu Alkaline Massif, Romania

Anikó Batki, Elemér Pál-Molnár, Gábor Dobosi, Alasdair Skelton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Camptonite dykes intrude the rift-related Mesozoic igneous body of the Ditrǎu Alkaline Massif, Eastern Carpathians, Romania. We present and discuss mineral chemical data, major and trace elements, and the Nd isotopic compositions of the dykes in order to define their nature and origin. The dykes are classified as the clinopyroxene-bearing (camptonite-I) and clinopyroxene-free (camptonite-II) varieties. Camptonite-I consists of aluminian-ferroan diopside phenocrysts accompanied by kaersutite, subordinate Ti-rich annite, albite to oligoclase and abundant calcite-albite ocelli. Camptonite-II comprises K-rich hastingsite to magnesiohastingsite, Ti-rich annite, albite to andesine, abundant accessory titanite and apatite, and silicate ocelli filled mainly with plagioclase (An4-34).Age-corrected 143Nd/144Nd ratios vary from 0.51258 to 0.51269. The high εNd values of +4.0 to +6.1 which are consistent with intra-plate composition, together with light rare earth element (LREE), large ion lithophile element (LILE) and high field strength element (HFSE) enrichment in the camptonites is ascribed to the formation of small melt batches of a metasomatised sub-lithospheric mantle source. The presence of an asthenospheric 'high μ' ocean island basalt (HIMU-OIB)-type mantle component in the source region has also been revealed. A 1-4% degree of partial melting of an enriched garnet lherzolite mantle source containing pargasitic amphibole followed by fractionation is inferred to have been involved in the generation of the camptonites. They are deduced to be parental melts to the Ditrǎu Alkaline Massif. •Ditrǎu camptonites have been generated by 1-4% partial melting of an enriched mantle.•The source region is garnet lherzolite containing 4% of pargasitic amphibole.•The source enrichment is attributed to a sub-lithospheric metasomatic zone.•An asthenospheric HIMU-OIB-type mantle component was involved in the melt generation.•They are deduced to be parental melts to the Ditrǎu Alkaline Massif.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-196
Number of pages16
JournalLITHOS
Volume200-201
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Camptonite
  • Ditrǎu Alkaline Massif
  • HIMU-OIB mantle component
  • Intra-plate magmatism
  • Metasomatised sub-lithosphere
  • Ocelli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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