Perspectives of Patients with Insulin-Treated Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes on Hypoglycemia: Results of the HAT Observational Study in Central and Eastern European Countries

Martin Haluzik, Adam Kretowski, Krzysztof Strojek, Leszek Czupryniak, Andrej Janez, Peter Kempler, Michal Andel, Tsvetalina Tankova, Mihail Boyanov, Lea Smircic Duvnjak, Laszlo Madacsy, Iwona Tarnowska, Marcin Zychma, Nebojsa Lalic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the level of awareness of hypoglycemia, the level of fear for hypoglycemia, and the response to hypoglycemic events among insulin-treated diabetes patients from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The impact of hypoglycemia on the use of healthcare resources and patient productivity was also assessed. Methods: This was a multicenter, non-interventional, two-part, patient self-reported questionnaire study that comprised both a retrospective cross-sectional evaluation and a prospective observational evaluation. Study participants were insulin-treated adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from CEE. Results: Most patients (85.4% T1DM and 83.6% T2DM) reported normal hypoglycemia awareness. The median hypoglycemia fear score was 5 out of 10 for T1DM and 4 out of 10 for T2DM patients. Patients increased glucose monitoring, consulted a doctor/nurse, and/or reduced the insulin dose in response to hypoglycemia. As a consequence of hypoglycemia, patients took leave from work/studies or arrived late and/or left early. Hospitalization was required for 31 (1.2%) patients with T1DM and 66 (2.1%) patients with T2DM. Conclusion: Hypoglycemia impacts patients’ personal and social functioning, reduces productivity, and results in additional costs, both direct (related to increased use of healthcare resources) and indirect related to absenteeism. Funding: Novo Nordisk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-741
Number of pages15
JournalDiabetes Therapy
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Healthcare costs
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Hypoglycemia fear
  • Insulin therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Perspectives of Patients with Insulin-Treated Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes on Hypoglycemia: Results of the HAT Observational Study in Central and Eastern European Countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Haluzik, M., Kretowski, A., Strojek, K., Czupryniak, L., Janez, A., Kempler, P., Andel, M., Tankova, T., Boyanov, M., Smircic Duvnjak, L., Madacsy, L., Tarnowska, I., Zychma, M., & Lalic, N. (2018). Perspectives of Patients with Insulin-Treated Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes on Hypoglycemia: Results of the HAT Observational Study in Central and Eastern European Countries. Diabetes Therapy, 9(2), 727-741. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13300-018-0388-2