Persisting in vitro actin motility at nanomolar adenosine triphosphate levels

comparison of skeletal and cardiac myosins.

M. Kellermayer, T. R. Hinds, G. H. Pollack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated in vitro actin movement at nanomolar adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels using heavy meromyosin from skeletal muscle. In the present work we tested whether the motility at nonomolar ATP-concentrations could be supported by cardiac myosin as well. Actomyosin (skeletal actin and bovine ventricular myosin) was pretreated in the in vitro motility assay with 1 mM ATP; subsequently, the ATP level was reduced by multiple rigor-solution washes. By the final rigor-solution wash, the ATP concentration, monitored by the luciferin-luciferase assay, dropped to the order of 100 nM. Even at this low ATP level actin-filament movement remained in evidence. This was in marked contrast to the situation where ATP concentration was gradually increased from zero; in the latter, filament movement began only as ATP levels exceeded 1-2 microM. The difference indicates that potential energy is stored during the initial ATP treatment, and utilized later as the free ATP falls below micromolar levels. Although the velocity of cardiac myosin-supported movement was only one fourth of that of skeletal myosin, both myosins supported actin movement down to similar ATP concentrations. The similarity in response of the two myosins to ATP implies a similar degree of potential energy storage. Given the significantly different specific ATPase activities, however, it appears that the mechanism of potential energy storage and release involves factors different from those involved in the release of chemical energy by the myosin ATPase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-178
Number of pages12
JournalPhysiological Chemistry and Physics and Medical NMR
Volume27
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Cardiac Myosins
Actins
Adenosine Triphosphate
Myosins
Potential energy
Energy storage
In Vitro Techniques
Assays
Ventricular Myosins
Myosin Subfragments
Luciferases
Actin Cytoskeleton
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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abstract = "We have previously demonstrated in vitro actin movement at nanomolar adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels using heavy meromyosin from skeletal muscle. In the present work we tested whether the motility at nonomolar ATP-concentrations could be supported by cardiac myosin as well. Actomyosin (skeletal actin and bovine ventricular myosin) was pretreated in the in vitro motility assay with 1 mM ATP; subsequently, the ATP level was reduced by multiple rigor-solution washes. By the final rigor-solution wash, the ATP concentration, monitored by the luciferin-luciferase assay, dropped to the order of 100 nM. Even at this low ATP level actin-filament movement remained in evidence. This was in marked contrast to the situation where ATP concentration was gradually increased from zero; in the latter, filament movement began only as ATP levels exceeded 1-2 microM. The difference indicates that potential energy is stored during the initial ATP treatment, and utilized later as the free ATP falls below micromolar levels. Although the velocity of cardiac myosin-supported movement was only one fourth of that of skeletal myosin, both myosins supported actin movement down to similar ATP concentrations. The similarity in response of the two myosins to ATP implies a similar degree of potential energy storage. Given the significantly different specific ATPase activities, however, it appears that the mechanism of potential energy storage and release involves factors different from those involved in the release of chemical energy by the myosin ATPase.",
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