Connective tissue diseases (CTDs) are all characterized by changes in the adaptive immune system. In the last few decades several CD4 + T lymphocytes and their products have been associated with the development, progression, organ involvement, or therapeutic response of different CTDs. The T helper (Th) T-cell subsets are easy to measure in the peripheral blood, however changes are difficult to interpret. This review summarizes data about Th1/Th2/Th17 and regulatory T-cell (Treg) changes in the most common CTDs. Concordance and divergence of data might help in the better understanding of the common processes of these different systemic autoimmune disorders and might give future clues for differences in disease behavior and treatment response.
- CD4+ T cells
- Connective tissue disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Immunology and Allergy
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)