A case-control study was carried out to examine whether in the south-east region of Hungary, periodontitis could be a risk factor for preterm delivery. The study was performed between 01.01.2001-31.12.2003., at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Szeged University. The first group enrolled patients who have had preterm labour, prior to the 37th week of pregnancy. Patients who delivered after the 37th week following an uneventful pregnancy were allocated to the control group. In order to ensure homogeneity of the groups, only primigravida-primiparas and healthy patients (from internal medicine point of view) were selected for the study. In the case group, the existence of at least one site with a probing depth of 4 mm, and bleeding on probing had the strongest significance with regard to an adverse pregnancy outcome, as compared to the control group. The results presented here provide new evidence for the southeast region of Hungary, concerning the question of whether periodontal infection is associated with preterm delivery. Based on these results, at the University of Szeged, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, a special dentistry unit was opened from 01.10.2004 . Here all the patients treated for threatening premature labour undergo a stomatological examination and if necessary, the therapeutical recommendations are made. However, further investigations are necessary to prove a causal association between premature labour and a poor periodontal status.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Magyar Noorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 17 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology