Periodontal health of an adult population in Hungary: Findings of a national survey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

32 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To estimate the levels of periodontal health conditions of Hungarian adults. Material and Methods: Periodontal data on 4153 adults in 304 survey locations from all Hungarian regions were analysed. The Community Periodontal Index (CPI) was used to report the occurrence of probing pocket depth, calculus, and gingival inflammation. Age, gender, socioeconomic and health status, oral hygiene and lifestyle habits, dental office attendance, level of education, and fixed partial denture (FPD) treatment were evaluated for their association with periodontal conditions. CPI score as an outcome was dichotomized using an accepted threshold as low (<3) and high (3, 4) for multiple logistic regression modelling. Results: CPI2 was the most prevalent score in all age groups. CPI scores were also strongly associated with the independent variables. Approximately 66% of subjects visited a dentist only in the case of an emergency. Lack of periodontal aspects of restorative care was demonstrated by the result of CPI0 among 16% of non-FPD wearers compared with only 9% of individuals treated with FPD. Conclusion: The present survey indicates that oral hygiene standards and periodontal health conditions need improvement in Hungary. Effective intervention programme for the prevention and control of periodontal disease are recommended at a national level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-457
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2009


  • CPI method
  • Hungary
  • Oral health survey
  • Periodontal conditions
  • Risk and determinant factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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