Performance analysis of block and comb type channel estimation for massive MIMO systems

Gabor Fodor, Piergiuseppe Di Marco, Miklos Telek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For pilot sequence based multiple input multiple output (MIMO) channel estimation, the arrangements of pilot symbols, such as the block or comb type arrangement, is known to play an important role. In this paper we compare the performance of block and comb pilot symbol patterns in terms of uplink mean square error (MSE) and spectral efficiency when the receiver at the base station employs least square (LS) or minimum mean square error (MMSE) channel estimation and MMSE equalizer for uplink data reception. For this system, we derive a closed form solution for the MSE and spectral efficiency that allows us to obtain exact results for an arbitrary number of antennas. Our key observation is that the comb pilot arrangement allows for unequal pilot-data power allocation in the frequency domain, which leads to a significant spectral efficiency increase. This spectral efficiency increase is particularly important with LS estimation and as the number of base station antennas grows large. It also gives noticeable gains with MMSE estimation. Our main conclusion is that with a large number of antennas, unequal power allocation facilitated by comb arrangement can give large gains over alternative pilot arrangements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2014 1st International Conference on 5G for Ubiquitous Connectivity, 5GU 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages62-69
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781631900556
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 11 2014
Event2014 1st International Conference on 5G for Ubiquitous Connectivity, 5GU 2014 - Levi, Finland
Duration: Nov 26 2014Nov 27 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2014 1st International Conference on 5G for Ubiquitous Connectivity, 5GU 2014

Other

Other2014 1st International Conference on 5G for Ubiquitous Connectivity, 5GU 2014
CountryFinland
CityLevi
Period11/26/1411/27/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications

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  • Cite this

    Fodor, G., Di Marco, P., & Telek, M. (2014). Performance analysis of block and comb type channel estimation for massive MIMO systems. In Proceedings of the 2014 1st International Conference on 5G for Ubiquitous Connectivity, 5GU 2014 (pp. 62-69). [7041031] (Proceedings of the 2014 1st International Conference on 5G for Ubiquitous Connectivity, 5GU 2014). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.4108/icst.5gu.2014.258076