Percentage Patent Representation (PPR) Bilateral Patent Balance (BPB) and Patent Dominancy (PD) indicators characterizing international patenting relations

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Abstract

In order to characterize the integration of countries into the world intellectual property network some indicators are offered. Percentage Patent Representation (PPR) gives the percentage share of patents granted to the inventors of a given country in the total number of patents granted to all foreign patentees. The ratio of PPR indices for two countries yields the Bilateral Patent Balance (BPB) indicator, which is characteristic of a mutual patent representation. Patent Dominancy (PD) index is the number of BPB indices higher than unity for a set of countries. PD indices can be related to GDP and growth of export values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalScientometrics
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1993

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Intellectual property
patent
international relations
intellectual property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Law

Cite this

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abstract = "In order to characterize the integration of countries into the world intellectual property network some indicators are offered. Percentage Patent Representation (PPR) gives the percentage share of patents granted to the inventors of a given country in the total number of patents granted to all foreign patentees. The ratio of PPR indices for two countries yields the Bilateral Patent Balance (BPB) indicator, which is characteristic of a mutual patent representation. Patent Dominancy (PD) index is the number of BPB indices higher than unity for a set of countries. PD indices can be related to GDP and growth of export values.",
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