Perceived loss among people living with mental disorders: Validation of the personal loss from mental illness scale

Tzipi Buchman-Wildbaum, Mara J. Richman, Enikő Váradi, Ágoston Schmelowszky, Mark D. Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Róbert Urbán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The development of mental illness often leads to pervasive losses in different areas of people's lives. However, previous research has tended to focus on the loss experienced by families while the examination of the loss experienced by individuals who are themselves coping with mental illness has been neglected. The present study tested the factor structure of the Hungarian version of the Personal Loss from Mental Illness (PLMI) scale, and analyzed its associations with age, gender, previous hospitalizations, marital status, loneliness, grief, and quality of life. Methods: Mentally ill patients (N = 200) with different diagnoses were recruited from a mental health center in Hungary, and completed self-report questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with covariates was conducted. Results: CFA analyses rejected the previous four-factor structure and suggested a single factor structure to be superior. Higher loss perception was predicted by higher loneliness, grief, and lower quality of life. Patients with mood disorders reported higher loss as compared to patients with other psychiatric diagnoses. Conclusions: The present study stresses the magnitude of loss and raises the need to examine further the role of loss in coping and recovery. Asking patients about their feelings in clinical practice is of high importance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152146
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume96
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Grief
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Quality of Life
Loneliness
Statistical Factor Analysis
Hungary
Mentally Ill Persons
Marital Status
Self Report
Mental Health
Emotions
Hospitalization
Research

Keywords

  • Grief
  • Mood disorders
  • Quality of life
  • Schizophrenia spectrum disorders
  • Stigma
  • Stress disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Perceived loss among people living with mental disorders : Validation of the personal loss from mental illness scale. / Buchman-Wildbaum, Tzipi; Richman, Mara J.; Váradi, Enikő; Schmelowszky, Ágoston; Griffiths, Mark D.; Demetrovics, Zsolt; Urbán, Róbert.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 96, 152146, 01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Buchman-Wildbaum, Tzipi ; Richman, Mara J. ; Váradi, Enikő ; Schmelowszky, Ágoston ; Griffiths, Mark D. ; Demetrovics, Zsolt ; Urbán, Róbert. / Perceived loss among people living with mental disorders : Validation of the personal loss from mental illness scale. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2020 ; Vol. 96.
@article{35e42c92e1824d6e841c9b6acfd41c52,
title = "Perceived loss among people living with mental disorders: Validation of the personal loss from mental illness scale",
abstract = "Objective: The development of mental illness often leads to pervasive losses in different areas of people's lives. However, previous research has tended to focus on the loss experienced by families while the examination of the loss experienced by individuals who are themselves coping with mental illness has been neglected. The present study tested the factor structure of the Hungarian version of the Personal Loss from Mental Illness (PLMI) scale, and analyzed its associations with age, gender, previous hospitalizations, marital status, loneliness, grief, and quality of life. Methods: Mentally ill patients (N = 200) with different diagnoses were recruited from a mental health center in Hungary, and completed self-report questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with covariates was conducted. Results: CFA analyses rejected the previous four-factor structure and suggested a single factor structure to be superior. Higher loss perception was predicted by higher loneliness, grief, and lower quality of life. Patients with mood disorders reported higher loss as compared to patients with other psychiatric diagnoses. Conclusions: The present study stresses the magnitude of loss and raises the need to examine further the role of loss in coping and recovery. Asking patients about their feelings in clinical practice is of high importance.",
keywords = "Grief, Mood disorders, Quality of life, Schizophrenia spectrum disorders, Stigma, Stress disorders",
author = "Tzipi Buchman-Wildbaum and Richman, {Mara J.} and Enikő V{\'a}radi and {\'A}goston Schmelowszky and Griffiths, {Mark D.} and Zsolt Demetrovics and R{\'o}bert Urb{\'a}n",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.comppsych.2019.152146",
language = "English",
volume = "96",
journal = "Comprehensive Psychiatry",
issn = "0010-440X",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceived loss among people living with mental disorders

T2 - Validation of the personal loss from mental illness scale

AU - Buchman-Wildbaum, Tzipi

AU - Richman, Mara J.

AU - Váradi, Enikő

AU - Schmelowszky, Ágoston

AU - Griffiths, Mark D.

AU - Demetrovics, Zsolt

AU - Urbán, Róbert

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - Objective: The development of mental illness often leads to pervasive losses in different areas of people's lives. However, previous research has tended to focus on the loss experienced by families while the examination of the loss experienced by individuals who are themselves coping with mental illness has been neglected. The present study tested the factor structure of the Hungarian version of the Personal Loss from Mental Illness (PLMI) scale, and analyzed its associations with age, gender, previous hospitalizations, marital status, loneliness, grief, and quality of life. Methods: Mentally ill patients (N = 200) with different diagnoses were recruited from a mental health center in Hungary, and completed self-report questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with covariates was conducted. Results: CFA analyses rejected the previous four-factor structure and suggested a single factor structure to be superior. Higher loss perception was predicted by higher loneliness, grief, and lower quality of life. Patients with mood disorders reported higher loss as compared to patients with other psychiatric diagnoses. Conclusions: The present study stresses the magnitude of loss and raises the need to examine further the role of loss in coping and recovery. Asking patients about their feelings in clinical practice is of high importance.

AB - Objective: The development of mental illness often leads to pervasive losses in different areas of people's lives. However, previous research has tended to focus on the loss experienced by families while the examination of the loss experienced by individuals who are themselves coping with mental illness has been neglected. The present study tested the factor structure of the Hungarian version of the Personal Loss from Mental Illness (PLMI) scale, and analyzed its associations with age, gender, previous hospitalizations, marital status, loneliness, grief, and quality of life. Methods: Mentally ill patients (N = 200) with different diagnoses were recruited from a mental health center in Hungary, and completed self-report questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with covariates was conducted. Results: CFA analyses rejected the previous four-factor structure and suggested a single factor structure to be superior. Higher loss perception was predicted by higher loneliness, grief, and lower quality of life. Patients with mood disorders reported higher loss as compared to patients with other psychiatric diagnoses. Conclusions: The present study stresses the magnitude of loss and raises the need to examine further the role of loss in coping and recovery. Asking patients about their feelings in clinical practice is of high importance.

KW - Grief

KW - Mood disorders

KW - Quality of life

KW - Schizophrenia spectrum disorders

KW - Stigma

KW - Stress disorders

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074603029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85074603029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.comppsych.2019.152146

DO - 10.1016/j.comppsych.2019.152146

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85074603029

VL - 96

JO - Comprehensive Psychiatry

JF - Comprehensive Psychiatry

SN - 0010-440X

M1 - 152146

ER -