A conformational and electronic study on the energetically preferred conformations (γL) of N- and C-protected L-cysteine (P-CONH-CH(CH2SH)-CONH-Q, where P and Q may be H or Me) was carried out. After restraining the backbone (BB) conformation to its global minimum (γL or C7eq), all nine possible side-chain (SC) conformations were subjected to geometry optimization at the HF/3-21G and the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) levels of theory. Seven of the nine side-chain conformers were located on the potential-energy surface. All conformers were subjected to an AIM (atoms in molecules) analysis. This study indicates that three of the seven optimized conformers exhibited either or both SC → BB- or BB → SC-type intramolecular hydrogen bonding. Five conformers, however, had distances between a proton and a heteroatom that suggested hydrogen bonding.
- AIM analysis
- Ab initio and DFT geometry optimization
- Intramolecular hydrogen bonding
- L-cysteine diamides
- Side-chain potential-energy surface
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry