Penrose-törvény: realitás vagy fikció? Az elmeegészségügy helyzete és a börtö npopuláció nagysága - nemzetközi kitekintés

Translated title of the contribution: Penroses law: Reality or fi ction? Mental health system and the size of prison population - International overview

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

According to the Penrose's law, outlined on the basis of a comparative study of European statistics, there is an inverse relationship between the number of psychiatric beds and prison population. Based on international data, interrelationship among prison, asylum, psychiatric disease and criminal action are investigated in the present study, paying particular attention to the event of deinstitutionalization. Prevalence of mental and addictive diseases as well as psychological disturbances in prison is characterized by epidemiological data. As proposed by Penrose, an inverse relationship between the number of psychiatric beds and prison population can be observed in Hungary, too. To get a deeper insight into the mainstream of the events, economic, sociological, philosophical, as well as therapeutic aspects initializing deinstitutionalization are highlighted in the course of analysis. On the basis of data, it can be assumed that members the same population are confined to both systems. The author arrives at the conclusion that deinstitutionalization has in fact led to transinstitutionalization, because of, on one hand, the limited capacity of community treatment facilities; on the other hand, the community treatment itself cannot provide adequate treatment options to those suffering from severe, chronic mental diseases or comorbid states. In addition, the rate of financial support and the methods for prevention and treatment are insufficient to protect patients from the effects of revolving door.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)1321-1330
Number of pages10
JournalOrvosi Hetilap
Volume150
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2009

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Prisons
Population Density
Deinstitutionalization
Mental Health
Psychiatry
Population
Therapeutics
Financial Support
Hungary
Chronic Disease
Economics
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Penrose-t{\"o}rv{\'e}ny: realit{\'a}s vagy fikci{\'o}? Az elmeeg{\'e}szs{\'e}g{\"u}gy helyzete {\'e}s a b{\"o}rt{\"o} npopul{\'a}ci{\'o} nagys{\'a}ga - nemzetk{\"o}zi kitekint{\'e}s",
abstract = "According to the Penrose's law, outlined on the basis of a comparative study of European statistics, there is an inverse relationship between the number of psychiatric beds and prison population. Based on international data, interrelationship among prison, asylum, psychiatric disease and criminal action are investigated in the present study, paying particular attention to the event of deinstitutionalization. Prevalence of mental and addictive diseases as well as psychological disturbances in prison is characterized by epidemiological data. As proposed by Penrose, an inverse relationship between the number of psychiatric beds and prison population can be observed in Hungary, too. To get a deeper insight into the mainstream of the events, economic, sociological, philosophical, as well as therapeutic aspects initializing deinstitutionalization are highlighted in the course of analysis. On the basis of data, it can be assumed that members the same population are confined to both systems. The author arrives at the conclusion that deinstitutionalization has in fact led to transinstitutionalization, because of, on one hand, the limited capacity of community treatment facilities; on the other hand, the community treatment itself cannot provide adequate treatment options to those suffering from severe, chronic mental diseases or comorbid states. In addition, the rate of financial support and the methods for prevention and treatment are insufficient to protect patients from the effects of revolving door.",
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