Myocyte enhancer binding factor 2 B (MEF2B) is a member of the evolutionary conserved transcription family MEF2. MEF2B has been shown to directly control biological activity of the B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) gene in germinal center (GC) B cells. To validate MEF2B as an immunohistochemical marker, we studied a large consecutive series of hyperplastic lymphoid tissues (n = 38) and malignant lymphoproliferative conditions (n = 471), including all major categories of B and T cell neoplasms. In hyperplastic lymphoid tissues, MEF2B staining revealed intense and crisp nuclear expression confined to GC B cells. Unlike BCL6, MEF2B was not detected in follicular T cells. In addition, weak nuclear staining of plasma cells was noted. MEF2B staining labeled neoplastic cells of follicular lymphoma both in common and variant cases as well as in bone marrow biopsies with high sensitivity, while it was almost consistently negative in marginal zone lymphoma. Consistent MEF2B expression was found in Burkitt lymphoma and nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma as well as in the large majority of cases of mantle cell lymphoma and diffuse large cell B cell lymphoma. MEF2B protein expression showed a statistically significant association with that of BCL6 in cases of diffuse large B cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified. We conclude that MEF2B is a valuable marker of normal GC B cells, potentially useful in differential diagnosis of small B cell lymphomas.
- Germinal center B cell-derived lymphomas
- Germinal center B cells
- MEF2B protein expression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology