Salicylic acid-induced protein kinase (SIPK) is known as a ‘master switch’ for stress responses in plants. It can be induced by salicylic acid (SA) and several stress factors. The main aim of the present study was to reveal the relationship between SA accumulation and the gene expression level of SIPK during 50 and 250 µm Cd stress in wheat plants. Quantitative real-time PCR was used for determination of the gene expression level of SIPK. Salicylic acid content measurement was performed with an HPLC system equipped with a fluorescence detector. Cadmium treatment increased the endogenous SA level and expression level of SIPK in a concentration-dependent manner. Induction of SIPK expression preceded the accumulation of endogenous SA. Although SA treatment induced dramatic endogenous SA accumulation, its SIPK-inducing effect was moderate. In roots, higher induction of SIPK was observed than in leaves. The same tendency of SIPK expression was observed in both Cd- and SA-treated plants, as decisively the highest transcript level was detected after 30 min of treatment, but thereafter the expression decreased rapidly to control level or even below. The induction of SIPK was transient in all cases, and even a very high SA level in either the leaves or roots was not able to maintain the elevated expression level of this gene. The results suggest that SIPK has a role in initiating Cd stress response and the exogenous SA-induced signalling process.
- mitogen-activated protein kinase
- salicylic acid
- salicylic acid-induced protein kinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Plant Science