Patient Attitudes Toward Transplantation as Preferred Treatment Modality in Different Stages of Renal Disease

A. Illés, A. Bugán, S. Kovács, E. Ladányi, J. Szegedi, B. József, R. Szabó, B. Nemes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Kidney transplantation is generally considered to be the best treatment for end-stage renal disease. Not every patient can be operated, but many of suitable patients refuse this possibility. We aimed to explore the attitudes of patients with chronic kidney disease towards renal replacement therapies to recognize motives, thoughts, and feelings concerning accepting or refusing the treatment. We studied the attitudes towards the illness and the treatment, the appearance of depression, and the disease burden during different stages of the disease. Methods For this study we implemented a questionnaire that we developed (which has been described in an earlier publication of this journal) with 99 pre-dialysis patients, 99 dialysis patients, and 87 transplantation patients. We completed the attitude questionnaire designed by our team to include disease burden and depression questionnaires. Results We used discriminant analysis to describe different stages of the disease. There was a significant difference in the following factors between the three patient groups: accepting the new kidney, lack of confidence in transplantation therapy, fear of surgery, accepting self-responsibility in recovery, dependency on the transplanted kidney, confidence in recovery, subjective burden of dialysis, and denial of personal responsibility in maintaining the transplanted kidney. Significant differences were also detected in these three groups regarding the level of depression and disease burden: we measured the highest value among the dialysis patients, and the lowest value among the pre-dialysis patients. Comparing patients accepting and refusing transplantation, we found a correlation between the refusal of transplantation and the attitudes towards the illness and treatment. Conclusions Most patients remain unmotivated to change treatment modality and refuse transplantation. Misbelief about transplantation shows a correlation with the motive of refusal. Dissemination of information may facilitate a change in the situation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1517-1521
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume49
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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