A pituitary adenoma was transsphenoidally removed from a 4.5-year-old girl suffering from gigantism. Prior to the operation both the growth hormone (GH) and the prolactin (PRL) levels in the serum were elevated. By light microscopy the tumor appeared to be an acidophilic adenoma. Two distinct cell types, the densely granulated and the sparsely granulated cells, could be distinguished by electron microscopy. Double immunolabeling revealed the presence of GH alone in some densely granulated cells and PRL alone in some sparsely granulated cells, as well as GH and PRL co-localized in both of the morphologically distinguished cell types. Both cell types were identified in the monolayer and the suspension cultures by electron microscopy. GH and PRL concentrations in the culture media were measured by radioimmunoassay. The basal secretion of growth hormone was almost uniform during the 3-week cell culture period. GH and PRL release was significantly inhibited by bromocriptine. Our studies revealed a bimorphous and bihormonal mixed adenoma in childhood.
- Cell culture
- Electron microscopy
- Pituitary adenoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience