Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a clinocopathologic entity representing a broad histologic and cytologic spectrum from cystic to the blastic form. The histologic, cytologic heterogeneity of MCLs may lead to diagnostic confusion. The aim of this study was to reclassify NHLs registered as centrocytic lymphoma and centrocytoid-centroblastoma by the Lymphoma Reference Centrum at the Department of Pathology, University Medical School of Pécs between 1988 and 1995. 63 of 67 selected cases have been classified as mantle cell lymphoma according to histological, cytological appearance, and the pheno- and genotype of tumour cells. 48% of the cases showed diffuse while 52% showed nodular histological pattern. 27% of diffuse MCLs composed of classic MCL cells (small to medium-size cells) 40% blastic and 33% both small and blastic lymphoma cells. In 76% of the nodular MCLs the tumour consisted of small to medium-size cells 15% blastic while 9% both small and blastic lymphoma cells. In 99% of MCL the diagnosis was supported by CD5, CD20 and CD23 positivity and in 67% by the presence of cyclin D1-overexpression. The t(11;14) chromosome translocation PCR amplification was positive in 3 of 17 cases investigated. The authors conclude that MCLs represent a heterogeneous disease based on the cytology of the tumour cells. The nodular architecture was associated with classic MCL cells while the diffuse form was more frequently associated with blastic or combined cytological appearance. The correct diagnosis of MCL could be reached by tumour cell immunophenotyping, while molecular genetic methods proved to be informative only in part of the cases studied.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 26 1999|
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