We explore the correlated electron states in harmonically confined few-electron quantum dots in an external magnetic field by the path-integral Monte Carlo method for a wide range of the field and the Coulomb interaction strength. Using the phase structure of a preceding unrestricted Hartree-Fock calculation for phase fixing, we find a rich variety of correlated states, often completely different from the prediction of mean-field theory. These are finite temperature results, but sometimes the correlations saturate with decreasing temperature, providing insight into the ground-state properties.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics