Passive seismic experiment and receiver functions analysis to determine crustal structure at the contact of the northern Dinarides and southwestern Pannonian basin

Franjo Šumanovac, E. Hegedűs, Jasna Orešković, Saša Kolar, Attila C. Kovács, Darko Dudjak, I. Kovács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


Passive seismic experiment was carried out at the SWcontact of the Dinarides and Pannonian basin to determine the crustal structure and velocity discontinuities. The aim of the experiment was to define the relationship between the Adriatic microplate and the Pannonian segment as a part of the European plate. Most of the temporary seismic stations were deployed in Croatia along the Alp07 profile-a part of the active-source ALP 2002 project. About 300-km -long profile stretches from Istra peninsula to the Drava river, in a WSW-ESE direction. Teleseismic events recorded on 13 temporary seismic stations along the profile were analysed by P-receiver function method. Two types of characteristic receiver functions (RF) have been identified, belonging to Dinaridic and Pannonian crusts as defined on the Alp07 profile, while in transitional zone there are both types. Three major crustal discontinuities can be identified for the Dinaridic type: sedimentary basement, intracrustal discontinuity and Mohorovičić discontinuity, whereas the Pannonian type revealed only two discontinuities. The intracrustal discontinuity was not observed in the Pannonian type, thus pointing to a single-layered crust in the Pannonian basin. Two interpretation methods were applied: forward modelling of the receiver functions and H-κ stacking method, and the results were compared with the activesource seismic data at deep refraction profile Alp07. The receiver function modelling has given reliable results of the Moho depths that are in accordance with the seismic refraction results at the end of the Alp07 profile, that is in the area of Pannonian crust characterized by simple crustal structure and low seismic velocities (Vp between 5.9 and 6.2 km s-1). In the Dinarides and its peripheral parts, receiver function modelling regularly gives greater Moho depths, up to +15 per cent, due to more complex crustal structure. The depths of the Moho calculated by the H-κ stacking method vary within wide limits (±13 km), due to band limited data of short-period stations. The results at five stations have to be rejected because of huge deviations in comparison with all previous results, while at the other seven stations the Moho depths vary within ±15 per cent around the Moho discontinuity of the Alp07 profile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1420-1436
Number of pages17
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016


  • Body waves
  • Composition of the continental crust
  • Crustal structure
  • Europe
  • Seismicity and tectonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

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