We present results on partitioning the vertices of 2-edge-colored graphs into monochromatic paths and cycles. We prove asymptotically the two-color case of a conjecture of Sárközy: the vertex set of every 2-edge-colored graph can be partitioned into at most 2α(G) monochromatic cycles, where α(G) denotes the independence number of G. Another direction, emerged recently from a conjecture of Schelp, is to consider colorings of graphs with given minimum degree. We prove that apart from o(|V (G)|) vertices, the vertex set of any 2-edge-colored graph G with minimum degree at least (Formula Presented.) can be covered by the vertices of two vertex disjoint monochromatic cycles of distinct colors. Finally, under the assumption that (Formula Presented.) does not contain a fixed bipartite graph H, we show that in every 2-edge-coloring of G, |V (G)| − c(H) vertices can be covered by two vertex disjoint paths of different colors, where c(H) is a constant depending only on H. In particular, we prove that c(C4)=1, which is best possible.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
- Computational Mathematics