The effect of acidic sites on activity and product selectivity has been investigated in 1,3-butadiene hydrogenation over platinum catalysts prepared with high purity Al2O3 supports (Condea SB, Woelm N, Degussa Alumina C, ICN-N). Degassing the reduced samples at 723 K has increased the selectivity of n-butane formation on catalysts of high platinum dispersion (DCO=68-93%). Over Woelm and ICN aluminas isomerization of 1-butene formed on platinum sites to cis- and trans-2-butene can also be observed. Poisoning the catalysts with water, ammonia and ethylenediamine (EDA) suppresses isomerization of 1-butene, but only EDA hinders markedly formation of n-butane. The results have been interpreted by participation of Lewis acid sites and by contribution of electron deficient platinum sites in the vicinity of the metal-support interface.
- Metal-support interface
- Platinum dispersion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology