Parent identification of Hungarian apple cultivars using SSR markers

I. Király, M. Tóth, T. Deák, A. Pedryc, J. Halász

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a classic apple-breeding program and to characterize fruit cultivars it is important to know the origin of the common cultivars. Molecular markers are highly useful to distinguish genotypes and co-dominant markers like microsatellites can be further used to verify the parenthood of apple cultivars. In this study 8 SSR markers were applied to verify the parentage of eight cultivars, four cultivar candidates, two breeding clones and their supposed parents. These 8 primer pairs proved to be sufficient to control the pedigree of the tested hybrids. To verify the parents, the frequencies of the loci supporting the hypothetical parentship were counted. The origin of 10 Hungarian cultivars and hybrids ('Jonager', 'Kovauguszt', 'Kovelit', 'Kovmulti', 'Kovsztár', 'Nyári zamatos', A-380, MR-09, MR-12, MR-13) could be confirmed from the total of 14 tested. The maternal parent of 'Fertodi téli' is unequivocal but the pollen partner remains unknown. The paternal parent of A-75 hybrid (an offspring from the presumed cross 'Idared' × 'Priam') could not be determined, as well. According to our results neither 'Téli aranyparmen' nor 'Jászvadóka' can be a parent of 'Budai Domokos'. To detect male parents in some cases, further analyses are required.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
Pages471-477
Number of pages7
Volume839
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume839
ISSN (Print)05677572

Fingerprint

apples
cultivars
parenting
breeding
parentage
pedigree
pollen
microsatellite repeats
clones
loci
genetic markers
fruits
genotype

Keywords

  • Malus × domestica
  • Microsatellites
  • Molecular markers
  • Plant breeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Király, I., Tóth, M., Deák, T., Pedryc, A., & Halász, J. (2009). Parent identification of Hungarian apple cultivars using SSR markers. In Acta Horticulturae (Vol. 839, pp. 471-477). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 839).

Parent identification of Hungarian apple cultivars using SSR markers. / Király, I.; Tóth, M.; Deák, T.; Pedryc, A.; Halász, J.

Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 839 2009. p. 471-477 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 839).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Király, I, Tóth, M, Deák, T, Pedryc, A & Halász, J 2009, Parent identification of Hungarian apple cultivars using SSR markers. in Acta Horticulturae. vol. 839, Acta Horticulturae, vol. 839, pp. 471-477.
Király I, Tóth M, Deák T, Pedryc A, Halász J. Parent identification of Hungarian apple cultivars using SSR markers. In Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 839. 2009. p. 471-477. (Acta Horticulturae).
Király, I. ; Tóth, M. ; Deák, T. ; Pedryc, A. ; Halász, J. / Parent identification of Hungarian apple cultivars using SSR markers. Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 839 2009. pp. 471-477 (Acta Horticulturae).
@inproceedings{f65f53c03f9e451ab9892c04fbe4375d,
title = "Parent identification of Hungarian apple cultivars using SSR markers",
abstract = "In a classic apple-breeding program and to characterize fruit cultivars it is important to know the origin of the common cultivars. Molecular markers are highly useful to distinguish genotypes and co-dominant markers like microsatellites can be further used to verify the parenthood of apple cultivars. In this study 8 SSR markers were applied to verify the parentage of eight cultivars, four cultivar candidates, two breeding clones and their supposed parents. These 8 primer pairs proved to be sufficient to control the pedigree of the tested hybrids. To verify the parents, the frequencies of the loci supporting the hypothetical parentship were counted. The origin of 10 Hungarian cultivars and hybrids ('Jonager', 'Kovauguszt', 'Kovelit', 'Kovmulti', 'Kovszt{\'a}r', 'Ny{\'a}ri zamatos', A-380, MR-09, MR-12, MR-13) could be confirmed from the total of 14 tested. The maternal parent of 'Fertodi t{\'e}li' is unequivocal but the pollen partner remains unknown. The paternal parent of A-75 hybrid (an offspring from the presumed cross 'Idared' × 'Priam') could not be determined, as well. According to our results neither 'T{\'e}li aranyparmen' nor 'J{\'a}szvad{\'o}ka' can be a parent of 'Budai Domokos'. To detect male parents in some cases, further analyses are required.",
keywords = "Malus × domestica, Microsatellites, Molecular markers, Plant breeding",
author = "I. Kir{\'a}ly and M. T{\'o}th and T. De{\'a}k and A. Pedryc and J. Hal{\'a}sz",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789066056121",
volume = "839",
series = "Acta Horticulturae",
pages = "471--477",
booktitle = "Acta Horticulturae",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Parent identification of Hungarian apple cultivars using SSR markers

AU - Király, I.

AU - Tóth, M.

AU - Deák, T.

AU - Pedryc, A.

AU - Halász, J.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - In a classic apple-breeding program and to characterize fruit cultivars it is important to know the origin of the common cultivars. Molecular markers are highly useful to distinguish genotypes and co-dominant markers like microsatellites can be further used to verify the parenthood of apple cultivars. In this study 8 SSR markers were applied to verify the parentage of eight cultivars, four cultivar candidates, two breeding clones and their supposed parents. These 8 primer pairs proved to be sufficient to control the pedigree of the tested hybrids. To verify the parents, the frequencies of the loci supporting the hypothetical parentship were counted. The origin of 10 Hungarian cultivars and hybrids ('Jonager', 'Kovauguszt', 'Kovelit', 'Kovmulti', 'Kovsztár', 'Nyári zamatos', A-380, MR-09, MR-12, MR-13) could be confirmed from the total of 14 tested. The maternal parent of 'Fertodi téli' is unequivocal but the pollen partner remains unknown. The paternal parent of A-75 hybrid (an offspring from the presumed cross 'Idared' × 'Priam') could not be determined, as well. According to our results neither 'Téli aranyparmen' nor 'Jászvadóka' can be a parent of 'Budai Domokos'. To detect male parents in some cases, further analyses are required.

AB - In a classic apple-breeding program and to characterize fruit cultivars it is important to know the origin of the common cultivars. Molecular markers are highly useful to distinguish genotypes and co-dominant markers like microsatellites can be further used to verify the parenthood of apple cultivars. In this study 8 SSR markers were applied to verify the parentage of eight cultivars, four cultivar candidates, two breeding clones and their supposed parents. These 8 primer pairs proved to be sufficient to control the pedigree of the tested hybrids. To verify the parents, the frequencies of the loci supporting the hypothetical parentship were counted. The origin of 10 Hungarian cultivars and hybrids ('Jonager', 'Kovauguszt', 'Kovelit', 'Kovmulti', 'Kovsztár', 'Nyári zamatos', A-380, MR-09, MR-12, MR-13) could be confirmed from the total of 14 tested. The maternal parent of 'Fertodi téli' is unequivocal but the pollen partner remains unknown. The paternal parent of A-75 hybrid (an offspring from the presumed cross 'Idared' × 'Priam') could not be determined, as well. According to our results neither 'Téli aranyparmen' nor 'Jászvadóka' can be a parent of 'Budai Domokos'. To detect male parents in some cases, further analyses are required.

KW - Malus × domestica

KW - Microsatellites

KW - Molecular markers

KW - Plant breeding

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=75649111909&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=75649111909&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9789066056121

VL - 839

T3 - Acta Horticulturae

SP - 471

EP - 477

BT - Acta Horticulturae

ER -