Parasympathetic Nervous System Activity Predicts Mood Repair Use and Its Effectiveness Among Adolescents With and Without Histories of Major Depression

Ilya Yaroslavsky, Jonathan Rottenberg, Lauren M. Bylsma, J. Richard Jennings, Charles George, I. Baji, István Benák, Roberta Dochnal, Kitti Halas, K. Kapornai, E. Kiss, Attila Makai, Hedvig Varga, A. Vetró, Maria Kovacs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Depressive disorders that onset in the juvenile years have been linked to far-reaching adverse consequences, making it imperative to elucidate key mechanisms and contributory factors. Excessive use of regulatory responses that exacerbate sadness (maladaptive mood repair) or insufficient use of regulatory responses that reduce it (adaptive mood repair) may reflect behavioral mechanisms of depression risk. Cardiac vagal control, indexed by patterns of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), has received attention as a putative physiological risk factor for depression. Although mood repair and RSA are related, the nature of this relationship is not well characterized in the context of depression risk. Therefore, we tested alternative models of the relationships between RSA patterns (at rest and in response to a sad film), trait mood repair, and the effectiveness of a mood repair response in the laboratory (state mood repair) among adolescents with depression histories (n = 210) and emotionally healthy peers (n = 161). In our data, a mediation model best explained the association between the key constructs: Adolescents with normative RSA patterns exhibited lower levels of depression and trait maladaptive mood repair, and benefited more from instructed (state) mood repair in the laboratory. By contrast, adolescents with atypical RSA patterns exhibited higher levels of depression and dispositional maladaptive mood repair, which, in turn, mediated the relations of RSA patterns and depression symptoms. Atypical RSA patterns also predicted reduced benefits from laboratory mood repair. (PsycINFO Database Record

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 7 2016

Fingerprint

Parasympathetic Nervous System
Depression
Mood
History
Nervous System
Repair
Depressive Disorder
Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Depression
  • Emotion regulation
  • Mood repair
  • Respiratory sinus arrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Parasympathetic Nervous System Activity Predicts Mood Repair Use and Its Effectiveness Among Adolescents With and Without Histories of Major Depression. / Yaroslavsky, Ilya; Rottenberg, Jonathan; Bylsma, Lauren M.; Jennings, J. Richard; George, Charles; Baji, I.; Benák, István; Dochnal, Roberta; Halas, Kitti; Kapornai, K.; Kiss, E.; Makai, Attila; Varga, Hedvig; Vetró, A.; Kovacs, Maria.

In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 07.03.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yaroslavsky, Ilya ; Rottenberg, Jonathan ; Bylsma, Lauren M. ; Jennings, J. Richard ; George, Charles ; Baji, I. ; Benák, István ; Dochnal, Roberta ; Halas, Kitti ; Kapornai, K. ; Kiss, E. ; Makai, Attila ; Varga, Hedvig ; Vetró, A. ; Kovacs, Maria. / Parasympathetic Nervous System Activity Predicts Mood Repair Use and Its Effectiveness Among Adolescents With and Without Histories of Major Depression. In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 2016.
@article{084e3cbae3a14cc7a1a316bbecfc19ef,
title = "Parasympathetic Nervous System Activity Predicts Mood Repair Use and Its Effectiveness Among Adolescents With and Without Histories of Major Depression",
abstract = "Depressive disorders that onset in the juvenile years have been linked to far-reaching adverse consequences, making it imperative to elucidate key mechanisms and contributory factors. Excessive use of regulatory responses that exacerbate sadness (maladaptive mood repair) or insufficient use of regulatory responses that reduce it (adaptive mood repair) may reflect behavioral mechanisms of depression risk. Cardiac vagal control, indexed by patterns of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), has received attention as a putative physiological risk factor for depression. Although mood repair and RSA are related, the nature of this relationship is not well characterized in the context of depression risk. Therefore, we tested alternative models of the relationships between RSA patterns (at rest and in response to a sad film), trait mood repair, and the effectiveness of a mood repair response in the laboratory (state mood repair) among adolescents with depression histories (n = 210) and emotionally healthy peers (n = 161). In our data, a mediation model best explained the association between the key constructs: Adolescents with normative RSA patterns exhibited lower levels of depression and trait maladaptive mood repair, and benefited more from instructed (state) mood repair in the laboratory. By contrast, adolescents with atypical RSA patterns exhibited higher levels of depression and dispositional maladaptive mood repair, which, in turn, mediated the relations of RSA patterns and depression symptoms. Atypical RSA patterns also predicted reduced benefits from laboratory mood repair. (PsycINFO Database Record",
keywords = "Adolescence, Depression, Emotion regulation, Mood repair, Respiratory sinus arrhythmia",
author = "Ilya Yaroslavsky and Jonathan Rottenberg and Bylsma, {Lauren M.} and Jennings, {J. Richard} and Charles George and I. Baji and Istv{\'a}n Ben{\'a}k and Roberta Dochnal and Kitti Halas and K. Kapornai and E. Kiss and Attila Makai and Hedvig Varga and A. Vetr{\'o} and Maria Kovacs",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1037/abn0000149",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Abnormal Psychology",
issn = "0145-2339",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parasympathetic Nervous System Activity Predicts Mood Repair Use and Its Effectiveness Among Adolescents With and Without Histories of Major Depression

AU - Yaroslavsky, Ilya

AU - Rottenberg, Jonathan

AU - Bylsma, Lauren M.

AU - Jennings, J. Richard

AU - George, Charles

AU - Baji, I.

AU - Benák, István

AU - Dochnal, Roberta

AU - Halas, Kitti

AU - Kapornai, K.

AU - Kiss, E.

AU - Makai, Attila

AU - Varga, Hedvig

AU - Vetró, A.

AU - Kovacs, Maria

PY - 2016/3/7

Y1 - 2016/3/7

N2 - Depressive disorders that onset in the juvenile years have been linked to far-reaching adverse consequences, making it imperative to elucidate key mechanisms and contributory factors. Excessive use of regulatory responses that exacerbate sadness (maladaptive mood repair) or insufficient use of regulatory responses that reduce it (adaptive mood repair) may reflect behavioral mechanisms of depression risk. Cardiac vagal control, indexed by patterns of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), has received attention as a putative physiological risk factor for depression. Although mood repair and RSA are related, the nature of this relationship is not well characterized in the context of depression risk. Therefore, we tested alternative models of the relationships between RSA patterns (at rest and in response to a sad film), trait mood repair, and the effectiveness of a mood repair response in the laboratory (state mood repair) among adolescents with depression histories (n = 210) and emotionally healthy peers (n = 161). In our data, a mediation model best explained the association between the key constructs: Adolescents with normative RSA patterns exhibited lower levels of depression and trait maladaptive mood repair, and benefited more from instructed (state) mood repair in the laboratory. By contrast, adolescents with atypical RSA patterns exhibited higher levels of depression and dispositional maladaptive mood repair, which, in turn, mediated the relations of RSA patterns and depression symptoms. Atypical RSA patterns also predicted reduced benefits from laboratory mood repair. (PsycINFO Database Record

AB - Depressive disorders that onset in the juvenile years have been linked to far-reaching adverse consequences, making it imperative to elucidate key mechanisms and contributory factors. Excessive use of regulatory responses that exacerbate sadness (maladaptive mood repair) or insufficient use of regulatory responses that reduce it (adaptive mood repair) may reflect behavioral mechanisms of depression risk. Cardiac vagal control, indexed by patterns of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), has received attention as a putative physiological risk factor for depression. Although mood repair and RSA are related, the nature of this relationship is not well characterized in the context of depression risk. Therefore, we tested alternative models of the relationships between RSA patterns (at rest and in response to a sad film), trait mood repair, and the effectiveness of a mood repair response in the laboratory (state mood repair) among adolescents with depression histories (n = 210) and emotionally healthy peers (n = 161). In our data, a mediation model best explained the association between the key constructs: Adolescents with normative RSA patterns exhibited lower levels of depression and trait maladaptive mood repair, and benefited more from instructed (state) mood repair in the laboratory. By contrast, adolescents with atypical RSA patterns exhibited higher levels of depression and dispositional maladaptive mood repair, which, in turn, mediated the relations of RSA patterns and depression symptoms. Atypical RSA patterns also predicted reduced benefits from laboratory mood repair. (PsycINFO Database Record

KW - Adolescence

KW - Depression

KW - Emotion regulation

KW - Mood repair

KW - Respiratory sinus arrhythmia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84959459747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84959459747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/abn0000149

DO - 10.1037/abn0000149

M3 - Article

C2 - 26950752

AN - SCOPUS:84959459747

JO - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

SN - 0145-2339

ER -