A patient with drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation associated with rapid ventricular rate underwent biatrial pacemaker implantation. During elective replacement of the pacemaker, a significant voltage- and frequency-dependent decrease in ventricular rate was achieved by high-frequency electrical stimulation (17 Hz) of parasympathetic cardiac nerves innervating the AV node with the implanted bipolar coronary sinus electrode. The negative dromotropic effect of parasympathetic stimulation was eliminated by intravenous administration of 1-mg atropine.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Coronary sinus
- Parasympathetic cardiac nerves
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)