Objectives: Myeloperoxidase (MPO), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were shown to contribute to atherogenesis, while human paraoxonase-1 (PON1) protects against oxidative stress. Although several studies investigated these biomarkers, their associations have not been completely clarified yet. We aimed to investigate these parameters in overweight hyperlipidemic, lipid-lowering therapy-naive patients (n = 167) with and without vascular complications. Design and methods: MPO, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels were measured by ELISA. PON1 activities were detected spectrophotometrically. PON1 phenotype was calculated by using a dual substrate method. Results: Patients with vascular complications (VC) had significantly higher MPO and TIMP-1 levels compared to those without (patients with no vascular complications; NVC) (728 (367.25-1177.90) mg/ml vs. 315.9 (176.05-687.40) mg/ml; p.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry