Background: In hyperlipidaemic state, increased levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and decreased paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity have been reported; however, their relationships with other atherosclerotic biomarkers have not been completely clarified. Patients and methods: Serum concentrations of lipid and inflammatory parameters, MPO levels, and PON1 activities were investigated in 167 untreated hyperlipidaemic patients with and without vascular complications and in 32 healthy controls. Additionally, levels of CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and oxidized LDL were determined. Results: We found elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), ADMA, sCD40L, sICAM-1 concentrations, and higher MPO levels in patients with vascular complications compared to those without. The PON1 arylesterase activity correlated negatively with sCD40L, ADMA, and sICAM-1 levels, respectively. In contrast, MPO concentrations showed positive correlations with sCD40L, ADMA, and sICAM-1 levels, respectively. Conclusions: It can therefore be stated that PON1 activity and MPO level correlate strongly with the vascular biomarkers, highlighting the importance of the HDL-associated pro- and antioxidant enzymes in the development of endothelial dysfunction and atherogenesis.
- Asymmetric dimethyl arginine
- SCD40 ligand
- Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine