Paraneoplastic neurologic syndromes (PNS) and autoimmune encephalitis (AE) are rare neurological disorders, which have similar symptoms, but vary in outcome and treatment strategy. In our retrospective statistical study we evaluated the autoantibody test results of serum and CSF from 2362 patients with suspected PNS and 1034 patients with suspected AE. For autoantibody testing, immunoblot assay (PNS) and cell-based indirect immunofluorescence assay (AE) were used. Autoantibodies were present in 8% of patients with suspected PNS: anti-Yo > anti-Hu > anti-Ma2 > anti-CV2 > anti-titin > anti-Zic4 > anti-amphiphysin > anti-Ri > anti-GAD65 > anti-Sox1 > anti-recoverin. Mostly elderly women were affected. Autoantibodies were present in 5.8% of patients with suspected AE: anti-NMDAR (young women) > anti-LGI1 (middle-aged men) > anti-GABABR (elderly men) > anti-Caspr2 (adult men). Our results correspond to the data described in the literature. The number of patients with suspected PNS and AE shows an increasing tendency, where the autoantibody testing with modern laboratory diagnostic methods helps in the early introduction of the appropriate therapy.
|Translated title of the contribution||Paraneoplastic neurologic syndromes: laboratory diagnostics and immunological aspects|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 18 2019|
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