Reptilian paramyxoviruses (rPMV) are unassigned members of the Paramyxovirinae subfamily. These viruses have been detected worldwide, can cause disease or death predominantly in snakes, and were associated with respiratory and neurological sign. The authors have partially characterised PMV isolates from snakes (n=5), lizards (n=3) and a tortoise, as well as surveyed diagnostic field samples (organs or swabs) of reptiles from collections in Germany (n=102) and Hungary (n=121) to determine prevalence and predilection, as well as involved types. The genetic comparison of all isolates and 45 positive field samples was presented. Their results give further support for the establishment of the new proposed genus "Ferlavirus" with mixed groups of squamatid (snake and lizard) PMV members and a more distant tortoise isolate. However, squamatid PMV can also infect tortoise as it was seen in a diagnostic case, where similarly to numerous snake cases, multiple PMV coinfection was diagnosed. Other coinfections (viruses, bacteria or parasites) are also reported in the paper. The authors emphasize that rPMV infection should also be considered in healthy collections, especially when introducing new members, and as rPMVs are apparently not host specific, they propose preliminary virological examinations to avoid outbrake of disease.
|Translated title of the contribution||Paramyxovirus infections in reptiles, novel findings of the last years|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas