Pancreatic secretory and trophic response to caerulein in rats

Effect of proglumide and lorglumide

G. Varga, M. Papp, C. Scarpignato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of proglumide and lorglumide, two CCK-receptor antagonists, on caerulein-induced pancreatic secretion and growth was studied in the rat. In anaesthetised animals, caerulein (1 μg/kg) significantly increased the volume of pancreatic juice and protein output. Lorglumide (5 and 10 mg/kg), administered intraperitoneally 15 min before stimulation, reduced peptide-induced pancreatic exocrine secretion. By contrast, proglumide (100 and 400 mg/kg) was completely ineffective. In experiments dealing with the trophic effect of caerulein, both drugs were administered alone or combined with the peptide (1 μg/kg) 3 times daily for 5 d. Saline-treated rats served as controls. At the end of the experiment, rats were sacrificed, and growth and composition of pancreatic tissue were determined. Pretreatment of the animals with either proglumide or lorglumide did not affect pancreatic size and composition. Caerulein increased the weight of the pancreas, the total pancreatic protein, trypsin, amylase, and DNA content. After pretreatment with proglumide, all these parameters were not significantly different from those obtained with caerulein alone. In contrast, when lorglumide was given together with caerulein, it significantly reduced caerulein-induced pancreatic growth and decreased enzymatic protein content of the gland. These results show that lorglumide is a much more potent and effective CCK-receptor antagonist than proglumide. Its ability to antagonize the pancreatic secretory and trophic action of a CCK-analogue (i.e. caerulein) supports the view that these physiological actions of CCK are mediated through an interaction of the hormone with specific receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-306
Number of pages12
JournalFundamental and Clinical Pharmacology
Volume3
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Fingerprint

Proglumide
Ceruletide
Cholecystokinin Receptors
Growth
Pancreatic Juice
Peptides
Proteins
lorglumide
Amylases
Trypsin
Pancreas
Hormones
Weights and Measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Pancreatic secretory and trophic response to caerulein in rats : Effect of proglumide and lorglumide. / Varga, G.; Papp, M.; Scarpignato, C.

In: Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1989, p. 295-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ee6be82cd67e45d48ac5291c0e3c7f32,
title = "Pancreatic secretory and trophic response to caerulein in rats: Effect of proglumide and lorglumide",
abstract = "The effect of proglumide and lorglumide, two CCK-receptor antagonists, on caerulein-induced pancreatic secretion and growth was studied in the rat. In anaesthetised animals, caerulein (1 μg/kg) significantly increased the volume of pancreatic juice and protein output. Lorglumide (5 and 10 mg/kg), administered intraperitoneally 15 min before stimulation, reduced peptide-induced pancreatic exocrine secretion. By contrast, proglumide (100 and 400 mg/kg) was completely ineffective. In experiments dealing with the trophic effect of caerulein, both drugs were administered alone or combined with the peptide (1 μg/kg) 3 times daily for 5 d. Saline-treated rats served as controls. At the end of the experiment, rats were sacrificed, and growth and composition of pancreatic tissue were determined. Pretreatment of the animals with either proglumide or lorglumide did not affect pancreatic size and composition. Caerulein increased the weight of the pancreas, the total pancreatic protein, trypsin, amylase, and DNA content. After pretreatment with proglumide, all these parameters were not significantly different from those obtained with caerulein alone. In contrast, when lorglumide was given together with caerulein, it significantly reduced caerulein-induced pancreatic growth and decreased enzymatic protein content of the gland. These results show that lorglumide is a much more potent and effective CCK-receptor antagonist than proglumide. Its ability to antagonize the pancreatic secretory and trophic action of a CCK-analogue (i.e. caerulein) supports the view that these physiological actions of CCK are mediated through an interaction of the hormone with specific receptors.",
author = "G. Varga and M. Papp and C. Scarpignato",
year = "1989",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "295--306",
journal = "Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology",
issn = "0767-3981",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pancreatic secretory and trophic response to caerulein in rats

T2 - Effect of proglumide and lorglumide

AU - Varga, G.

AU - Papp, M.

AU - Scarpignato, C.

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - The effect of proglumide and lorglumide, two CCK-receptor antagonists, on caerulein-induced pancreatic secretion and growth was studied in the rat. In anaesthetised animals, caerulein (1 μg/kg) significantly increased the volume of pancreatic juice and protein output. Lorglumide (5 and 10 mg/kg), administered intraperitoneally 15 min before stimulation, reduced peptide-induced pancreatic exocrine secretion. By contrast, proglumide (100 and 400 mg/kg) was completely ineffective. In experiments dealing with the trophic effect of caerulein, both drugs were administered alone or combined with the peptide (1 μg/kg) 3 times daily for 5 d. Saline-treated rats served as controls. At the end of the experiment, rats were sacrificed, and growth and composition of pancreatic tissue were determined. Pretreatment of the animals with either proglumide or lorglumide did not affect pancreatic size and composition. Caerulein increased the weight of the pancreas, the total pancreatic protein, trypsin, amylase, and DNA content. After pretreatment with proglumide, all these parameters were not significantly different from those obtained with caerulein alone. In contrast, when lorglumide was given together with caerulein, it significantly reduced caerulein-induced pancreatic growth and decreased enzymatic protein content of the gland. These results show that lorglumide is a much more potent and effective CCK-receptor antagonist than proglumide. Its ability to antagonize the pancreatic secretory and trophic action of a CCK-analogue (i.e. caerulein) supports the view that these physiological actions of CCK are mediated through an interaction of the hormone with specific receptors.

AB - The effect of proglumide and lorglumide, two CCK-receptor antagonists, on caerulein-induced pancreatic secretion and growth was studied in the rat. In anaesthetised animals, caerulein (1 μg/kg) significantly increased the volume of pancreatic juice and protein output. Lorglumide (5 and 10 mg/kg), administered intraperitoneally 15 min before stimulation, reduced peptide-induced pancreatic exocrine secretion. By contrast, proglumide (100 and 400 mg/kg) was completely ineffective. In experiments dealing with the trophic effect of caerulein, both drugs were administered alone or combined with the peptide (1 μg/kg) 3 times daily for 5 d. Saline-treated rats served as controls. At the end of the experiment, rats were sacrificed, and growth and composition of pancreatic tissue were determined. Pretreatment of the animals with either proglumide or lorglumide did not affect pancreatic size and composition. Caerulein increased the weight of the pancreas, the total pancreatic protein, trypsin, amylase, and DNA content. After pretreatment with proglumide, all these parameters were not significantly different from those obtained with caerulein alone. In contrast, when lorglumide was given together with caerulein, it significantly reduced caerulein-induced pancreatic growth and decreased enzymatic protein content of the gland. These results show that lorglumide is a much more potent and effective CCK-receptor antagonist than proglumide. Its ability to antagonize the pancreatic secretory and trophic action of a CCK-analogue (i.e. caerulein) supports the view that these physiological actions of CCK are mediated through an interaction of the hormone with specific receptors.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024371757&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024371757&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 295

EP - 306

JO - Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology

JF - Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology

SN - 0767-3981

IS - 3

ER -