BackgroundHuman equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1) levels in pancreatic adenocarcinoma may predict survival in patients who receive adjuvant gemcitabine after resection.MethodsMicroarrays from 434 patients randomized to chemotherapy in the ESPAC-3 trial (plus controls from ESPAC-1/3) were stained with the 10D7G2 anti-hENT1 antibody. Patients were classified as having high hENT1 expression if the mean H score for their cores was above the overall median H score (48). High and low hENT1-expressing groups were compared using Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank tests, and Cox proportional hazards models. All statistical tests were two-sided.ResultsThree hundred eighty patients (87.6%) and 1808 cores were suitable and included in the final analysis. Median overall survival for gemcitabine-treated patients (n = 176) was 23.4 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 18.3 to 26.0) months vs 23.5 (95% CI = 19.8 to 27.3) months for 176 patients treated with 5-fluorouracil/folinic acid (χ2 1=0.24; P =. 62). Median survival for patients treated with gemcitabine was 17.1 (95% CI = 14.3 to 23.8) months for those with low hENT1 expression vs 26.2 (95% CI = 21.2 to 31.4) months for those with high hENT1 expression (χ21= 9.87; P =. 002). For the 5-fluorouracil group, median survival was 25.6 (95% CI = 20.1 to 27.9) and 21.9 (95% CI = 16.0 to 28.3) months for those with low and high hENT1 expression, respectively (χ21 = 0.83; P =. 36). hENT1 levels were not predictive of survival for the 28 patients of the observation group (χ21 = 0.37; P =. 54). Multivariable analysis confirmed hENT1 expression as a predictive marker in gemcitabine-treated (Wald χ2 = 9.16; P =. 003) but not 5-fluorouracil-treated (Wald χ2 = 1.22; P =. 27) patients.ConclusionsSubject to prospective validation, gemcitabine should not be used for patients with low tumor hENT1 expression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research