Paleogene palaeogeography and basin evolution of the Western Carpathians, Northern Pannonian domain and adjoining areas

Michal Kováč, Dušan Plašienka, Ján Soták, Rastislav Vojtko, Nestor Oszczypko, G. Less, Vlasta Ćosović, Bernhard Fügenschuh, Silvia Králiková

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The data about the Paleogene basin evolution, palaeogeography, and geodynamics of the Western Carpathian and Northern Pannonian domains are summarized, re-evaluated, supplemented, and newly interpreted. The presented concept is illustrated by a series of palinspastic and palaeotopographic maps. The Paleogene development of external Carpathian zones reflects gradual subduction of several oceanic realms (Vahic, Iňačovce-Kričevo, Szolnok, Magura, and Silesian-Krosno) and growth of the orogenic accretionary wedge (Pieniny Klippen Belt, Iňačovce-Kričevo Unit, Szolnok Belt, and Outer Carpathian Flysch Belt). Evolution of the Central Western Carpathians is characterized by the Paleocene-Early Eocene opening of several wedge-top basins at the accretionary wedge tip, controlled by changing compressional, strike-slip, and extensional tectonic regimes. During the Lutetian, the diverging translations of the northward moving Eastern Alpine and north-east to eastward shifted Western Carpathian segment generated crustal stretching at the Alpine-Carpathian junction with foundation of relatively deep basins. These basins enabled a marine connection between the Magura oceanic realm and the Northern Pannonian domain, and later also with the Dinaridic foredeep. Afterwards, the Late Eocene compression brought about uplift and exhumation of the basement complexes at the Alpine-Carpathian junction. Simultaneously, the eastern margin of the stretched Central Western Carpathians underwent disintegration, followed by opening of a fore-arc basin - the Central Carpathian Paleogene Basin. In the Northern Hungarian Paleogene retro-arc basin, turbidites covered a carbonate platform in the same time. During the Early Oligocene, the rock uplift of the Alpine-Carpathian junction area continued and the Mesozoic sequences of the Danube Basin basement were removed, along with a large part of the Eocene Hungarian Paleogene Basin fill, while the retro-arc basin depocentres migrated toward the east. The Rupelian basins gained a character of semi-closed sea spreading from the Magura Basin across the Central Western Carpathians up to the Hungarian Paleogene Basin. In the Late Oligocene, the Magura Basin connection with the Northern Hungarian Paleogene Basin remained open, probably along the northern edge of the Tisza microplate, and anoxic facies were substituted by open marine environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-27
Number of pages19
JournalGlobal and Planetary Change
Volume140
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016

Fingerprint

paleogeography
basin evolution
Paleogene
basin
Eocene
accretionary prism
Oligocene
uplift
Rupelian
Lutetian
klippe
basin fill
Silesian
depocenter
microplate
extensional tectonics
forearc basin
flysch
carbonate platform
exhumation

Keywords

  • Geodynamics
  • Palaeogeography
  • Palaeotopography
  • Paleogene basins
  • Western Carpathians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Paleogene palaeogeography and basin evolution of the Western Carpathians, Northern Pannonian domain and adjoining areas. / Kováč, Michal; Plašienka, Dušan; Soták, Ján; Vojtko, Rastislav; Oszczypko, Nestor; Less, G.; Ćosović, Vlasta; Fügenschuh, Bernhard; Králiková, Silvia.

In: Global and Planetary Change, Vol. 140, 01.05.2016, p. 9-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kováč, M, Plašienka, D, Soták, J, Vojtko, R, Oszczypko, N, Less, G, Ćosović, V, Fügenschuh, B & Králiková, S 2016, 'Paleogene palaeogeography and basin evolution of the Western Carpathians, Northern Pannonian domain and adjoining areas', Global and Planetary Change, vol. 140, pp. 9-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.03.007
Kováč, Michal ; Plašienka, Dušan ; Soták, Ján ; Vojtko, Rastislav ; Oszczypko, Nestor ; Less, G. ; Ćosović, Vlasta ; Fügenschuh, Bernhard ; Králiková, Silvia. / Paleogene palaeogeography and basin evolution of the Western Carpathians, Northern Pannonian domain and adjoining areas. In: Global and Planetary Change. 2016 ; Vol. 140. pp. 9-27.
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