Paleogene alkaline magmatism in the South Carpathians (Poiana Ruscǎ, Romania)

Asthenosperic melts with geodynamic and lithospheric information

Cornelius Tschegg, Theodoros Ntaflos, Ioan Seghedi, S. Harangi, Jan Kosler, Massimo Coltorti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geochemical and petrologic studies on Paleogene basanites from the Carpatho-Pannonian region (Poiana Ruscǎ, Romania) and associated peridotite xenoliths provide information about the composition of the underlying lithosphere, the petrogenetic evolution of the magma and its mantle source, as well as the geodynamic significance of the igneous activity in a regional context. Major and trace elements as well as Sr-Nd isotopic ratios reveal an ocean-island basalt signature, interpreted as the derivation from an upper mantle source chemically similar to the European Asthenospheric Reservoir after low fraction partial melting. Due to estimated average mantle source temperatures and the absence of any subduction-related geochemical features, the igneous activity in Poiana Ruscǎ was apparently triggered by adiabatic decompression melting, as postulated for similar and nearly coeval alkaline rocks in eastern Serbia. Differentiation processes within the Poiana Ruscǎ magmatic suite initially resulted from removal of mainly olivine, followed by olivine. +. clinopyroxene fractional crystallization.The spinel-lherzolitic to harzburgitic composition of the mantle fragments point to 2-30% fractional melting at a depth of approx. 70. km. Petrographic and geochemical investigations indicate both cryptic and modal metasomatism related to the influence of both alkaline-rich silicate and alkaline-rich hydrous silicate melts rather than subduction-related fluids/melts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-406
Number of pages14
JournalLithos
Volume120
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

Fingerprint

Geodynamics
mantle source
Paleogene
geodynamics
magmatism
Silicates
Melting
melt
olivine
subduction
melting
alkaline rock
ocean island basalt
silicate melt
Trace Elements
decompression
Crystallization
metasomatism
Chemical analysis
isotopic ratio

Keywords

  • Asthenospheric basanite petrogenesis
  • Lithospheric metasomatic processes
  • Paleogene Carpathian-Pannonian magmatism
  • Peridotite xenoliths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Paleogene alkaline magmatism in the South Carpathians (Poiana Ruscǎ, Romania) : Asthenosperic melts with geodynamic and lithospheric information. / Tschegg, Cornelius; Ntaflos, Theodoros; Seghedi, Ioan; Harangi, S.; Kosler, Jan; Coltorti, Massimo.

In: Lithos, Vol. 120, No. 3-4, 12.2010, p. 393-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tschegg, Cornelius ; Ntaflos, Theodoros ; Seghedi, Ioan ; Harangi, S. ; Kosler, Jan ; Coltorti, Massimo. / Paleogene alkaline magmatism in the South Carpathians (Poiana Ruscǎ, Romania) : Asthenosperic melts with geodynamic and lithospheric information. In: Lithos. 2010 ; Vol. 120, No. 3-4. pp. 393-406.
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