Paleoecology of peatlands - quaternary climate reconstructions from Hungary

Gusztáv Jakab, P. Sümegi, Erzsébet Szurdoki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Quaternary covers the last 2.5 million years in Earth history. This unique period is well known for a record of oscillating climatic parameters. If you wish understand the trajectory of future climatic changes triggered by human activities, one should also have a clear picture of the climate of the past as well. Fluctuating climates are reflected in peatbog profiles. Paleoecological studies using plant macrofossils, like bryophyte remains, have an important role in the reconstruction of past hydrological changes in lakes and peatbogs. Plant macrofossil analysis has been used most frequently in the oceanic regions of Europe, where the moisture gradient is reflected clearly in different Sphagnum taxa. The method of bog surface wetness predictions has not been adapted so far for the characterization of continental peatbogs. Hungary is located on the southern limit of Sphagnum dominated peatbogs. Peatbogs are restricted to the moister regions of the country. Holocene climatic events, like severe droughts, caused significant changes in mire development and as such are traceable in the paleoenvironmental record of these bogs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHorizons in Earth Science Research. Volume 2
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages1-34
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9781611224993
ISBN (Print)9781616687090
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Jakab, G., Sümegi, P., & Szurdoki, E. (2010). Paleoecology of peatlands - quaternary climate reconstructions from Hungary. In Horizons in Earth Science Research. Volume 2 (pp. 1-34). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..