Objective: Thrombolysis by recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is the main pharmacological therapy in acute ischemic stroke (IS); however, it is only effective in a subset of patients. Here we aimed to investigate the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), an effective inhibitor of t-PA, and its major polymorphism (PAI-1 4G/5G) in therapy outcome. Methods: Study population included 131 consecutive IS patients who all underwent thrombolysis. Blood samples were taken on admission, 1 and 24 h after rt-PA infusion. PAI-1 activity and antigen levels were measured from all blood samples and the PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism was determined. Clinical data including NIHSS were registered on admission and day 1. ASPECTS was assessed using CT images taken before and 24 h after thrombolysis. Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) was classified according to ECASS II. Long-term outcome was defined 90 days post-event by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Results: PAI-1 activity levels dropped transiently after thrombolysis, while PAI-1 antigen levels remained unchanged. PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism had no effect on PAI-1 levels and did not influence stroke severity. PAI-1 activity/antigen levels as measured on admission were significantly elevated in patients with worse 24 h ASPECTS (<7). Logistic regression analysis including age, sex, NIHSS on admission, BMI, history of arterial hypertension, and hyperlipidemia conferred a significant, independent risk for developing ICH in the presence of 5G/5G genotype (OR:4.75, 95%CI:1.18–19.06). PAI-1 levels and PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism had no influence on long-term outcomes. Interpretation: PAI-1 5G/5G genotype is associated with a significant risk for developing ICH in post-lysis stroke patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology