A betegtájékoztatók mint a gyógyhatás lehetséges összetev oi

Translated title of the contribution: Package information leaflets as potential contributors to the curative effect

Komsa Ildikó, Köteles Ferenc, G. Bárdos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of description of curative effects (e.g.: What is XXX and what is it used for?) in package information leaflets (PILs) upon patient's choice was examined. Sections describing the curative effects from PILs of 15 frequently used, freely accessible (OTC) NSAID drugs were extracted and were evaluated in a paper-and-pencil study by 200 university students (38% male; mean age = 19.76, SD = 1.495). Two independent aspects were considered: a) how understandable the given description is, and b) how attractive the drug seems to be based on the description (what would be the chance of choosing it when needed). Using mixed model ANOVA-s, significant differences among the ratings of leaflets both in terms of understandability and attractivity, but no gender main effects and leaflet x gender interactions were found. According to the results of content analysis, the length of the descriptions and the number of effects enumerated were the main sources of the differences. The understandability and attractivity ratings correlated very strongly (r = 0,938, p <0,01). Understandability and content of practical information were the most important factors of choice. The most attractive descriptions were longer than average and listed more effects and symptoms for which the curative can be used. Patient Information Leaflets (PILs) can make benefits (placebo-effect: providing information) and harms (nocebo-effect: descripting side-effects) either. As part of a new approach called intelligent medicine designing, in addition to the side-effects, description of the curative effects as well as positive suggestions should be given to enhance beneficial outcomes and to promote safe and effective use of medicines.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)629-642
Number of pages14
JournalMagyar Pszichologiai Szemle
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

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Nocebo Effect
Nonprescription Drugs
Placebo Effect
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Analysis of Variance
Medicine
Students
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

A betegtájékoztatók mint a gyógyhatás lehetséges összetev oi. / Ildikó, Komsa; Ferenc, Köteles; Bárdos, G.

In: Magyar Pszichologiai Szemle, Vol. 64, No. 4, 12.2009, p. 629-642.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ildikó, Komsa ; Ferenc, Köteles ; Bárdos, G. / A betegtájékoztatók mint a gyógyhatás lehetséges összetev oi. In: Magyar Pszichologiai Szemle. 2009 ; Vol. 64, No. 4. pp. 629-642.
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