Pacap immunoreactivity in human malignant tumor samples and cardiac diseases

Z. Szanto, Zs Sarszegi, D. Reglodi, J. Nemeth, K. Szabadfi, P. Kiss, A. Varga, E. Banki, K. Csanaky, B. Gaszner, O. Pinter, Zs Szalai, A. Tamas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a pleiotropic and multifunctional neuropeptide having important roles in various physiological processes. Recent trends in PACAP research point to the clinical introduction of PACAP or its analogs/fragments possibly in the near future. Recently, we have shown the presence of PACAP in human plasma, milk, placenta, and follicular fluid samples. However, relatively few data are available on PACAP in human tissues from patients with different disorders. The aim of the present study was to determine, by radioimmunoassay, the tissue level of PACAP38-like immunoreactivity (LI) and PACAP27-LI in different primary nonsmall cell lung cancer, colon tumor samples, and in cardiac muscle samples from patients suffering from ischemic heart disease and valvular disorders. We also labeled the PAC1 receptors in human cardiac cells. All samples showed significantly higher PACAP38-LI compared with PACAP27- LI. We found significantly lower levels of PACAP38-LI and PACAP27-LI in tumoral and peripheral samples compared with normal healthy tissue in both lung and colon cancers. Further investigations are necessary to describe the exact function of PACAP in oncogenesis. We showed that PACAP38-LI and PACAP27-LI are significantly higher in ischemic heart diseases compared with valvular abnormalities, suggesting that PACAP might play a role in ischemic heart disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-673
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2012

Keywords

  • Colon cancer
  • Heart disorder
  • Lung cancer
  • PAC1 receptor
  • PACAP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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