Sepsis is life-threatening systemic organ dysfunction caused by a deregulated host response to an infectious insult. Currently, the treatment of sepsis is limited to the use of antibiotics, fluids, and cardiovascular/respiratory support. Despite these interventions, septic mortality remains high, with reduced life quality in survivors. For this reason, the identification of novel drug targets is a pressing task of modern pharmacology. According to a recent research, it appears that P2 purinergic receptors, which can regulate the host's response to infections, have been identified as potential targets for the treatment of sepsis. Among P2 receptors, the P2X 4 receptor has recently captured the attention of the research community owing to its role in protecting against infections, inflammation, and organ injury. The present review provides an outline of the role played by P2X 4 receptors in the modulation of the host's response to sepsis and the promise that targeting this receptor holds in the treatment of sepsis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery