P190A RhoGAP is a glycogen synthase kinase-3-β substrate required for polarized cell migration

Wei Jiang, Martha Betson, Roseann Mulloy, Rosemary Foster, Magdolna Lévay, Erzsébet Ligeti, Jeffrey Settleman

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Rho GTPases are critical regulators of the actin cytoskeleton and are required for cell adhesion, migration, and polarity. Among the key Rho regulatory proteins in the context of cell migration are the p190 RhoGAPs (p190A and p190B), which function to modulate Rho signaling in response to integrin engagement. The p190 RhoGAPs undergo complex regulation, including phosphorylation by several identified kinases, interactions with phospholipids, and association with a variety of cellular proteins. Here, we have identified an additional regulatory mechanism unique to p190A RhoGAP that involves priming-dependent phosphorylation by glycogen synthase-3-β (GSK-3β), a kinase previously implicated in establishing cell polarity. We found that p190A-deficient fibroblasts exhibit a defect in directional cell migration reflecting a requirement for GSK-3β-mediated phosphorylation of amino acids in the C-terminal "tail" of p190A. This phosphorylation leads to inhibition of p190A RhoGAP activity in vitro and in vivo. These studies identify p190A as a novel GSK-3β substrate and reveal a mechanism by which GSK-3β contributes to cellular polarization in directionally migrating cells via effects on Rho GTPase activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20978-20988
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume283
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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