P- and S-wave characterization of near-surface reflectivity from glacial tills using vertical seismic profiles

Bradley J. Carr, Z. Hajnal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fundamental reflectivity properties are established within the glacial deposits of central Saskatchewan, Canada. Multicomponent vertical seismic profile (VSP) data collected in three shallow boreholes are used to obtain detailed acoustic property information within the first 80 m of the near-surface strata. The integration of both P- and S-wave VSP data, in conjunction with other borehole geophysics, provided a unique opportunity to obtain in-situ seismic reflection response properties in layered clay and sand tills. P- and S-wave interval velocity profiles, in conjunction with P- and S-wave VSP reflectivities are analyzed to provide insight into seismic wavefield behavior within ~80 m of the surface. In general, shear wave energy identifies more reflective intervals than the P-wave energy because of better vertical resolution for S-wave energy (0.75 m) compared to P-wave energy (2.3 m) based on quarter wavelength criterion. For these saturated, unconsolidated glacial deposits, more details about the lithologic constituents and in-situ porosity are detectable from the S-wave reflectivity, but P-wave reflections provide a good technique for mapping the bulk changes. The principal cause of seismic reflectivity is the presence and/or amount of sand, and the degree of fluid-filled porosity within the investigated formations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)970-980
Number of pages11
JournalGeophysics
Volume64
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1999

Fingerprint

vertical seismic profile
P waves
reflectivity
S waves
P-wave
S-wave
wave energy
reflectance
profiles
glacial deposit
boreholes
sands
borehole geophysics
Boreholes
deposits
porosity
Saskatchewan
intervals
acoustic property
sand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

P- and S-wave characterization of near-surface reflectivity from glacial tills using vertical seismic profiles. / Carr, Bradley J.; Hajnal, Z.

In: Geophysics, Vol. 64, No. 3, 05.1999, p. 970-980.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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