Ozone-initiated terpene reaction products in five European offices: Replacement of a floor cleaning agent

A. W. Nørgaard, V. Kofoed-Sørensen, C. Mandin, G. Ventura, R. Mabilia, E. Perreca, A. Cattaneo, A. Spinazzè, V. Mihucz, T. Szigeti, Y. De Kluizenaar, H. J M Cornelissen, M. Trantallidi, P. Carrer, I. Sakellaris, J. Bartzis, P. Wolkoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cleaning agents often emit terpenes that react rapidly with ozone. These ozone-initiated reactions, which occur in the gas-phase and on surfaces, produce a host of gaseous and particulate oxygenated compounds with possible adverse health effects in the eyes and airways. Within the European Union (EU) project OFFICAIR, common ozone-initiated reaction products were measured before and after the replacement of the regular floor cleaning agent with a preselected low emitting floor cleaning agent in four offices located in four EU countries. One reference office in a fifth country did not use any floor cleaning agent. Limonene, α-pinene, 3-carene, dihydromyrcenol, geraniol, linalool, and α-terpineol were targeted for measurement together with the common terpene oxidation products formaldehyde, 4-acetyl-1-methylcyclohexene (4-AMCH), 3-isopropenyl-6-oxo-heptanal (IPOH), 6-methyl-5-heptene-2-one, (6-MHO), 4-oxopentanal (4-OPA), and dihydrocarvone (DHC). Two-hour air samples on Tenax TA and DNPH cartridges were taken in the morning, noon, and in the afternoon and analyzed by thermal desorption combined with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and HPLC/UV analysis, respectively. Ozone was measured in all sites. All the regular cleaning agents emitted terpenes, mainly limonene and linalool. After the replacement of the cleaning agent, substantially lower concentrations of limonene and formaldehyde were observed. Some of the oxidation product concentrations, in particular that of 4-OPA, were also reduced in line with limonene. Maximum 2 h averaged concentrations of formaldehyde, 4-AMCH, 6-MHO, and IPOH would not give rise to acute eye irritation-related symptoms in office workers; similarly, 6-AMCH, DHC and 4-OPA would not result in airflow limitation to the airways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13331-13339
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume48
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 18 2014

Fingerprint

terpene
Ozone
Terpenes
Reaction products
Cleaning
replacement
ozone
formaldehyde
Formaldehyde
European Union
oxidation
airflow
desorption
Oxidation
gas chromatography
Thermal desorption
mass spectrometry
Gas chromatography
Mass spectrometry
product

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Nørgaard, A. W., Kofoed-Sørensen, V., Mandin, C., Ventura, G., Mabilia, R., Perreca, E., ... Wolkoff, P. (2014). Ozone-initiated terpene reaction products in five European offices: Replacement of a floor cleaning agent. Environmental Science and Technology, 48(22), 13331-13339. https://doi.org/10.1021/es504106j

Ozone-initiated terpene reaction products in five European offices : Replacement of a floor cleaning agent. / Nørgaard, A. W.; Kofoed-Sørensen, V.; Mandin, C.; Ventura, G.; Mabilia, R.; Perreca, E.; Cattaneo, A.; Spinazzè, A.; Mihucz, V.; Szigeti, T.; De Kluizenaar, Y.; Cornelissen, H. J M; Trantallidi, M.; Carrer, P.; Sakellaris, I.; Bartzis, J.; Wolkoff, P.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 48, No. 22, 18.11.2014, p. 13331-13339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nørgaard, AW, Kofoed-Sørensen, V, Mandin, C, Ventura, G, Mabilia, R, Perreca, E, Cattaneo, A, Spinazzè, A, Mihucz, V, Szigeti, T, De Kluizenaar, Y, Cornelissen, HJM, Trantallidi, M, Carrer, P, Sakellaris, I, Bartzis, J & Wolkoff, P 2014, 'Ozone-initiated terpene reaction products in five European offices: Replacement of a floor cleaning agent', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 48, no. 22, pp. 13331-13339. https://doi.org/10.1021/es504106j
Nørgaard AW, Kofoed-Sørensen V, Mandin C, Ventura G, Mabilia R, Perreca E et al. Ozone-initiated terpene reaction products in five European offices: Replacement of a floor cleaning agent. Environmental Science and Technology. 2014 Nov 18;48(22):13331-13339. https://doi.org/10.1021/es504106j
Nørgaard, A. W. ; Kofoed-Sørensen, V. ; Mandin, C. ; Ventura, G. ; Mabilia, R. ; Perreca, E. ; Cattaneo, A. ; Spinazzè, A. ; Mihucz, V. ; Szigeti, T. ; De Kluizenaar, Y. ; Cornelissen, H. J M ; Trantallidi, M. ; Carrer, P. ; Sakellaris, I. ; Bartzis, J. ; Wolkoff, P. / Ozone-initiated terpene reaction products in five European offices : Replacement of a floor cleaning agent. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2014 ; Vol. 48, No. 22. pp. 13331-13339.
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