Oxygen free radicals and gastric mucosal damage in rats treated with ethanol and HCl

G. Mozsik, G. Suto, M. Garamszegi, T. Javor, L. Nagy, A. Vincze, T. Zsoldos

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Abstract

Gastric mucosal damage was produced by intragastric administration of ethanol (ETOH) or hydrochloric acid (HCl) in rats. The animals were sacrificed at different times after administration of necrotizing agents. The number and severity of gastric mucosal lesions, activities of catalase (CAT), glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), tissue contents of reduced glutathione (red.-GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured from the total homogenate of gastric mucosa. It was concluded that the time-sequence changes in development of gastric mucosal damage differed depending on the time following administration of necrotizing agents and that changes in the activities of CAT, GSH-px and SOD, and in the tissue contents of red.-GSH and MDA differed significantly in direction and extent depending on the time following application of ETOH or HCl. Also, changes in the gastric mucosal oxygen free radicals differed in the early phase (from 0 to 15 min) and in the late period (from 15 to 60 min) after administration of necrotizing agents. Finally, changes in gastric mucosal oxygen free radicals represent only one process of gastric mucosal adaptation against chemicals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-761
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume3
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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