Oxazepam esters. 1. Correlation between hydrolysis rates and brain appearance of oxazepam

G. Maksay, Zsuzsanna Tegyey, Vera Kemény, I. Lukovits, László Ötvös, Éva Pálosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Esters of the centrally acting oxazepam were investigated to find quantitative correlations between the pharmacokinetics of the parent drug and in vitro biotransformation rates and physicochemical properties of its prodrugs. The 14C-labeled aliphatic and ω-phenyl-substituted esters were administered intravenously to mice. Brain levels of the esters and oxazepam were determined and the latter was fitted to a simplified exponential equation. In vitro hydrolysis rate of the esters catalyzed by the hepatic microsomal fraction was measured with a pH stat. Pharmacokinetic constants characterizing the rising part of oxazepam brain levels correlate well with the chromatographic RM values and with in vitro maximal hydrolysis rates of the esters. The hydrolysis is capacity limited in the liver. In a closely related set of aliphatic esters, oxazepam brain penetration also correlates with the steric constant (ES) of its esters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1436-1443
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume22
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1979

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Oxazepam
Hydrolysis
Brain
Esters
Pharmacokinetics
Liver
Prodrugs
Biotransformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Oxazepam esters. 1. Correlation between hydrolysis rates and brain appearance of oxazepam. / Maksay, G.; Tegyey, Zsuzsanna; Kemény, Vera; Lukovits, I.; Ötvös, László; Pálosi, Éva.

In: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 22, No. 12, 1979, p. 1436-1443.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Maksay, G. ; Tegyey, Zsuzsanna ; Kemény, Vera ; Lukovits, I. ; Ötvös, László ; Pálosi, Éva. / Oxazepam esters. 1. Correlation between hydrolysis rates and brain appearance of oxazepam. In: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 1979 ; Vol. 22, No. 12. pp. 1436-1443.
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