Oscillating Electric Field Measures the Rotation Rate in a Native Rotary Enzyme

Csilla Maria Ferencz, Pál Petrovszki, András Dér, Krisztina Sebok-Nagy, Zoltán Kóta, Tibor Páli

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Abstract

Rotary enzymes are complex, highly challenging biomolecular machines whose biochemical working mechanism involves intersubunit rotation. The true intrinsic rate of rotation of any rotary enzyme is not known in a native, unmodified state. Here we use the effect of an oscillating electric (AC) field on the biochemical activity of a rotary enzyme, the vacuolar proton-ATPase (V-ATPase), to directly measure its mean rate of rotation in its native membrane environment, without any genetic, chemical or mechanical modification of the enzyme, for the first time. The results suggest that a transmembrane AC field is able to synchronise the steps of ion-pumping in individual enzymes via a hold-and-release mechanism, which opens up the possibility of biotechnological exploitation. Our approach is likely to work for other transmembrane ion-transporting assemblies, not only rotary enzymes, to determine intrinsic in situ rates of ion pumping.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45309
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 27 2017

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