Organization of the pigment molecules in the chlorophyll a/b/c containing alga Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae) studied by means of absorption, circular and linear dichroism spectroscopy

Reimund Goss, Christian Wilhelm, G. Garab

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Abstract

In order to obtain information on the organization of the pigment molecules in chlorophyll (Chl) a/b/c-containing organisms, we have carried out circular dichroism (CD), linear dichroism (LD) and absorption spectroscopic measurements on intact cells, isolated thylakoids and purified light-harvesting complexes (LHCs) of the prasinophycean alga Mantoniella squamata. The CD spectra of the intact cells and isolated thylakoids were predominated by the excitonic bands of the Chl a/b/c LHC. However, some anomalous bands indicated the existence of chiral macrodomains, which could be correlated with the multilayered membrane system in the intact cells. In the red, the thylakoid membranes and the LHC exhibited a well-discernible CD band originating from Chl c, but otherwise the CD spectra were similar to that of non-aggregated LHC II, the main Chl a/b LHC in higher plants. In the Soret region, however, an unusually intense (+) 441 nm band was observed, which was accompanied by negative bands between 465 and 510 nm. It is proposed that these bands originate from intense excitonic interactions between Chl a and carotenoid molecules. LD measurements revealed that the Q(Y) dipoles of Chl a in Mantoniella thylakoids are preferentially oriented in the plane of the membrane, with orientation angles tilting out more at shorter than at longer wavelengths (9°at 677 nm, 20°at 670 nm and 26°at 662 nm); the Q(Y) dipole of Chl c was found to be oriented at 29°with respect to the membrane plane. These data and the LD spectrum of the LHC, apart from the presence of Chl c, suggest an orientation pattern of dipoles similar to those of higher plant thylakoids and LHC II. However, the tendency of the Q(Y) dipoles of Chl b to lie preferentially in the plane of the membrane (23°at 653 nm and 30°at 646 nm) is markedly different from the orientation pattern in higher plant membranes and LHC II. Hence, our CD and LD data show that the molecular organization of the Chl a/b/c LHC, despite evident similarities, differs significantly from that of LHC II. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-199
Number of pages10
JournalBBA - Bioenergetics
Volume1457
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 21 2000

Fingerprint

Algae
Circular Dichroism
Pigments
Spectrum Analysis
Spectroscopy
Light
Thylakoids
Molecules
Membranes
Dichroism
chlorophyll a
chlorophyll b
Carotenoids
Cells
Wavelength

Keywords

  • Alga
  • Carotenoid
  • Circular dichroism
  • Light-harvesting complex
  • Linear dichroism
  • Photosynthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

Cite this

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title = "Organization of the pigment molecules in the chlorophyll a/b/c containing alga Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae) studied by means of absorption, circular and linear dichroism spectroscopy",
abstract = "In order to obtain information on the organization of the pigment molecules in chlorophyll (Chl) a/b/c-containing organisms, we have carried out circular dichroism (CD), linear dichroism (LD) and absorption spectroscopic measurements on intact cells, isolated thylakoids and purified light-harvesting complexes (LHCs) of the prasinophycean alga Mantoniella squamata. The CD spectra of the intact cells and isolated thylakoids were predominated by the excitonic bands of the Chl a/b/c LHC. However, some anomalous bands indicated the existence of chiral macrodomains, which could be correlated with the multilayered membrane system in the intact cells. In the red, the thylakoid membranes and the LHC exhibited a well-discernible CD band originating from Chl c, but otherwise the CD spectra were similar to that of non-aggregated LHC II, the main Chl a/b LHC in higher plants. In the Soret region, however, an unusually intense (+) 441 nm band was observed, which was accompanied by negative bands between 465 and 510 nm. It is proposed that these bands originate from intense excitonic interactions between Chl a and carotenoid molecules. LD measurements revealed that the Q(Y) dipoles of Chl a in Mantoniella thylakoids are preferentially oriented in the plane of the membrane, with orientation angles tilting out more at shorter than at longer wavelengths (9°at 677 nm, 20°at 670 nm and 26°at 662 nm); the Q(Y) dipole of Chl c was found to be oriented at 29°with respect to the membrane plane. These data and the LD spectrum of the LHC, apart from the presence of Chl c, suggest an orientation pattern of dipoles similar to those of higher plant thylakoids and LHC II. However, the tendency of the Q(Y) dipoles of Chl b to lie preferentially in the plane of the membrane (23°at 653 nm and 30°at 646 nm) is markedly different from the orientation pattern in higher plant membranes and LHC II. Hence, our CD and LD data show that the molecular organization of the Chl a/b/c LHC, despite evident similarities, differs significantly from that of LHC II. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.",
keywords = "Alga, Carotenoid, Circular dichroism, Light-harvesting complex, Linear dichroism, Photosynthesis",
author = "Reimund Goss and Christian Wilhelm and G. Garab",
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T1 - Organization of the pigment molecules in the chlorophyll a/b/c containing alga Mantoniella squamata (Prasinophyceae) studied by means of absorption, circular and linear dichroism spectroscopy

AU - Goss, Reimund

AU - Wilhelm, Christian

AU - Garab, G.

PY - 2000/4/21

Y1 - 2000/4/21

N2 - In order to obtain information on the organization of the pigment molecules in chlorophyll (Chl) a/b/c-containing organisms, we have carried out circular dichroism (CD), linear dichroism (LD) and absorption spectroscopic measurements on intact cells, isolated thylakoids and purified light-harvesting complexes (LHCs) of the prasinophycean alga Mantoniella squamata. The CD spectra of the intact cells and isolated thylakoids were predominated by the excitonic bands of the Chl a/b/c LHC. However, some anomalous bands indicated the existence of chiral macrodomains, which could be correlated with the multilayered membrane system in the intact cells. In the red, the thylakoid membranes and the LHC exhibited a well-discernible CD band originating from Chl c, but otherwise the CD spectra were similar to that of non-aggregated LHC II, the main Chl a/b LHC in higher plants. In the Soret region, however, an unusually intense (+) 441 nm band was observed, which was accompanied by negative bands between 465 and 510 nm. It is proposed that these bands originate from intense excitonic interactions between Chl a and carotenoid molecules. LD measurements revealed that the Q(Y) dipoles of Chl a in Mantoniella thylakoids are preferentially oriented in the plane of the membrane, with orientation angles tilting out more at shorter than at longer wavelengths (9°at 677 nm, 20°at 670 nm and 26°at 662 nm); the Q(Y) dipole of Chl c was found to be oriented at 29°with respect to the membrane plane. These data and the LD spectrum of the LHC, apart from the presence of Chl c, suggest an orientation pattern of dipoles similar to those of higher plant thylakoids and LHC II. However, the tendency of the Q(Y) dipoles of Chl b to lie preferentially in the plane of the membrane (23°at 653 nm and 30°at 646 nm) is markedly different from the orientation pattern in higher plant membranes and LHC II. Hence, our CD and LD data show that the molecular organization of the Chl a/b/c LHC, despite evident similarities, differs significantly from that of LHC II. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

AB - In order to obtain information on the organization of the pigment molecules in chlorophyll (Chl) a/b/c-containing organisms, we have carried out circular dichroism (CD), linear dichroism (LD) and absorption spectroscopic measurements on intact cells, isolated thylakoids and purified light-harvesting complexes (LHCs) of the prasinophycean alga Mantoniella squamata. The CD spectra of the intact cells and isolated thylakoids were predominated by the excitonic bands of the Chl a/b/c LHC. However, some anomalous bands indicated the existence of chiral macrodomains, which could be correlated with the multilayered membrane system in the intact cells. In the red, the thylakoid membranes and the LHC exhibited a well-discernible CD band originating from Chl c, but otherwise the CD spectra were similar to that of non-aggregated LHC II, the main Chl a/b LHC in higher plants. In the Soret region, however, an unusually intense (+) 441 nm band was observed, which was accompanied by negative bands between 465 and 510 nm. It is proposed that these bands originate from intense excitonic interactions between Chl a and carotenoid molecules. LD measurements revealed that the Q(Y) dipoles of Chl a in Mantoniella thylakoids are preferentially oriented in the plane of the membrane, with orientation angles tilting out more at shorter than at longer wavelengths (9°at 677 nm, 20°at 670 nm and 26°at 662 nm); the Q(Y) dipole of Chl c was found to be oriented at 29°with respect to the membrane plane. These data and the LD spectrum of the LHC, apart from the presence of Chl c, suggest an orientation pattern of dipoles similar to those of higher plant thylakoids and LHC II. However, the tendency of the Q(Y) dipoles of Chl b to lie preferentially in the plane of the membrane (23°at 653 nm and 30°at 646 nm) is markedly different from the orientation pattern in higher plant membranes and LHC II. Hence, our CD and LD data show that the molecular organization of the Chl a/b/c LHC, despite evident similarities, differs significantly from that of LHC II. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

KW - Alga

KW - Carotenoid

KW - Circular dichroism

KW - Light-harvesting complex

KW - Linear dichroism

KW - Photosynthesis

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U2 - 10.1016/S0005-2728(00)00101-8

DO - 10.1016/S0005-2728(00)00101-8

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AN - SCOPUS:0034639910

VL - 1457

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EP - 199

JO - Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics

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