Organic matter manipulations have little effect on gross and net nitrogen transformations in two temperate forest mineral soils in the USA and central Europe

Scott M. Holub, Kate Lajtha, Julie D.H. Spears, János A. Tóth, Susan E. Crow, Bruce A. Caldwell, Mária Papp, Péter T. Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soil nitrogen transformations are intricately linked to carbon transformations. We utilized two existing organic matter manipulation sites in western Oregon, USA and Hungary to investigate these linkages. Our questions were: (1) what effect does the quantity and quality of organic matter have on net and gross N processing in mineral soil? and (2) do these effects vary across sites with very different climate, soils, vegetation, and N deposition status? The organic matter manipulations had small if any effects on gross and net N cycling rates. Gross N cycling rates under low N deposition increased with increasing soil C and N, but C:N ratio had no correlation with gross N cycling rates. Soil ammonium concentrations under high N deposition, however, were higher in the organic matter manipulation plots without roots and lower in plots with double litter, indicating a tree root effect and a litter immobilization effect, respectively, but did not differ significantly under low N deposition. Net ammonium production was lowest in the litter removal and root removal plots and highest in the litter addition plots at both sites. Gross and net N cycling rates and mineral nitrogen pool sizes were generally higher under higher N deposition and lower C:N ratio soil, which was consistent with past studies over gradients of N deposition. By looking at organic matter manipulations in two very different sites we gained some insight into the role that C:N ratio as well as total C and total N have in controlling N and C cycling in forest soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-330
Number of pages11
JournalForest Ecology and Management
Volume214
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 3 2005

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Keywords

  • Carbon
  • DIRT
  • Gross nitrogen mineralization
  • Litter addition
  • Litter removal
  • N

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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