Organ-specific and ploidy-dependent somaclonal variation; a new tool in breeding.

L. E. Heszky, S. N. Li, I. Simon-Kiss, K. Lökös, G. Gyulai, E. Kiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The organ-specific somaclonal variation means the differences between the variability of somaclones originated from different somatic tissue of plant. Significant differences in some agronomical characters were achieved among somaclones of seed and plumule meristem origin. The ploidy-dependent somaclonal variation means the differences between the variability of somaclones originated from different ploidy-level tissue. Increased variation among regenerated plants was postulated by origin from cultured cells of reduced ploidy level. The comparison of somaclonal variation in the progenies of diploid plants regenerated from callus of haploid and diploid origin supported the ploidy dependent theory. The pollenhaploid somaclone method (PHS-method) was developed and tested for utilization somaclonal variation in rice breeding. The PHS-method comprises the two well-known and widely applied in vitro methods which are the androgenesis (another culture) and genetic instability of cultured haploid somatic cells (callus cultures). Developmental varieties produced by this breeding sheme are under certification in Hungary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-394
Number of pages14
JournalActa biologica Hungarica
Volume40
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Neurology

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