OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a complete analysis of orofacial abnormalities of patients with Turner syndrome. Study Design: Twenty nine patients with Turner syndrome and 30 without Turner syndrome (control group) were studied. The subjects were screened for cariological and periodontal alterations, orthodontic anomalies, tooth crown morphologic condition, alveolar arch dimensions, and temporomandibular joint function. RESULTS: Significantly lower mean values for decayed, missing, and filled teeth were found for patients with Turner syndrome as compared with the control group. Plaque and gingival indices were significantly higher in the study group. Orthodontic anomalies were more frequent and severe in patients with Turner syndrome. Our investigation showed reduced tooth crown size in the study group. The alveolar arch of the maxilla was narrower and of normal length, but the mandibular arch was shorter and broader. There was no significant alteration in temporomandibular joint function in the 2 examined groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our examination showed the importance of early diagnosis of oral anomalies and timely treatment of dental problems for patients with Turner syndrome.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics|
|Publication status||Published - May 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery